Modern South Asia: History, Culture and Political Economy by Sugata Bose, Ayesha Jalal

By Sugata Bose, Ayesha Jalal

Together written by way of top Indian and Pakistani historians, sleek South Asia bargains a unprecedented intensity of old realizing of the politics, cultures and economies that form the lives of greater than a 5th of humanity. After sketching the pre-modern historical past of the sub-continent, the e-book concentrates at the final 3 centuries.This new moment version has been up to date all through to take account of modern historic examine. It comprises an extended part on post-independence with a very new bankruptcy at the interval from 1991 to the current and a bankruptcy at the final millennium in subcontinental historical past. there's a new chronology of key occasions.

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Extra info for Modern South Asia: History, Culture and Political Economy (2nd Edition)

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Mughal art reached its zenith of artistic expression in the reign of Jahangir. The Mughal miniature was much more than a single genre, exhibiting much variation as great painters, such as Govardhan and Abul Hasan, gave full play to their individual styles. In music the basic grammar of north Indian classical music with its thirty-six raga and ragini was composed under Mughal patronage. The most famous of music composers of this era was Tan Sen, one of the ‘nine gems’ at Akbar’s court. Legend has it that Tan Sen could bring on torrential monsoon rains by his rendition of the raga meghamalhar.

On his assumption of the imperial mantle, his son Akbar (1556–1605) faced an immediate challenge from an Afghan and Rajput Hindu military coalition, which he defeated at the second battle of Panipat. Akbar, undoubtedly the greatest of the Mughal emperors, was an able leader of military campaigns, an astute administrator and a patron of culture. In 1572 he launched a major campaign against Gujarat, and the following year made a triumphant entry into the Gujarati port city of Surat. In 1574 Akbar’s army began its conquest of Bengal, which had more often than not been independent of Delhi during the period of the Sultanate, and finally subdued resistance by the 1580s.

The congruence between language and region was clearly drawn in India between the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, even though Persian remained the court language of the Sultanate. Urdu (literally the camp language), borrowing liberally from Hindavi syntax and grammar and Persian and Arabic vocabulary, developed into something of a lingua franca only in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The cultural fusion on which Indo-Islamic civilization was coming to be based was frowned upon by certain social groups.

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