By U. Nehrbass, E. C. Hurt (auth.), L. A. Grivell (eds.)
At a primary learn point, the yeasts supply necessary possibilities for modelling regulatory and metabolic approaches in multicellular eukaryotic organisms: this quantity bargains with the multifunctional chromosome regulatory proteins, topoisomerase and nuclear shipping. a mix of biochemical and genetic techniques utilized to the yeast translation procedure is usually at the moment yielding a wealth of information, whereas the mating pheromone sign transduction pathway in yeasts presents a beneficial analogue of the sign transduction parts utilized by multicellular organisms, together with receptors, G proteins, protein kinases and transcription components.
With a well-established historical past of fermantation stories, yeasts stay the first-choice motor vehicle for construction of heterologous eukaryotic proteins. curiosity is diversifying, as a growing number of non-Saccharomyces species at the moment are being utilised for the creation of particular heterologous proteins.
Molecular biologists, microbiologists and biochemical geneticists will locate this quantity an authoritative and beneficial replace on a colourful quarter of study.
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Extra resources for Molecular Biology of Saccharomyces
A nUcleosome-positioning sequence is required for GCN4 to activate transcription in the absence of a TATA element. Mol. Cell. BioI. 10: 4256-4265 Brindle PK, Holland JP, Willet CE, Innis MA & Holland MJ (1990). Multiple factors bind the upstream activation sites of the yeast enolase genes ENOl and EN02: ABFI protein, like repressor activator protein RAPI, binds cis-acting sequences which modulate repression or activation of transcription. Mol. Cell. BioI. 10: 4872-4885 Buchman AR & Kornberg RD (1990).
1990) or involves a less direct effect in which the transcriptional activator somehow alters local chromatin structure of the replication origin/promoter (Workman et al. 1991) is currently unclear. MCMl MCM1 was initially identified as one of a group of genes required for the efficient maintenance of ARS-containing minichromosomes (Maine et al. 1984). Subsequently, MCMl was shown to be the same as PRTF (Jarvis et al. 1989; Passmore et al. 1989; Passmore et al. 1988), a factor involved in regulating haploid specific genes (for a review, see Dolan & Fields 1991).
A more complete assignation of where splicing factors act is shown in Fig. 4. Not unexpectedly, many PRP proteins have putative nucleic acid binding motifs. PRP2 , PRP6, PRP9 and PRPll all have zinc finger-like motifs (Chen & Lin 1990; Legrain & Choulika 1990), PRP24 contains three copies of the RNP-motif found in many RNA binding proteins (Shannon & Guthrie 1991) while PRP5 and PRP28 proteins (Dalbadie-McFariand & Abelson 1990; Strauss & Guthrie 1991) have motifs that characterise the ATP-dependent RNA helicase DEAD-box family (D-E-A-D being single letter code for amino acids) whose founder member eIF-4A has been shown to have ATP-dependent RNA helicase activity (Ray et al.