Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict by Michael E. Brown, Owen R. Coté Jr., Sean M. Lynn-Jones,

By Michael E. Brown, Owen R. Coté Jr., Sean M. Lynn-Jones, Steven E. Miller

Many of the wars of the Nineteen Nineties were complicated and bloody inner conflicts pushed to an important measure through nationalism and ethnic animosity. Dozens of wars--in Bosnia, Rwanda, Somalia, the previous Soviet Union, and elsewhere--have killed or displaced hundreds of thousands of individuals. students and diplomats were pissed off of their makes an attempt to appreciate and keep watch over those wars. the 1st a part of Nationalism and Ethnic clash addresses the roots of nationalist and ethnic wars, focusing specifically at the conflicts within the former Yugoslavia, the previous Soviet Union, and Kashmir. the second one a part of the booklet, which explores thoughts for combating and resolving such conflicts, develops proposals for foreign motion starting from army intervention to partition to a reconsideration of the assumption of the nation in Africa.

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12 Indeed, the policies of the Serbian leadership and its allies have alienated the 33 percent of the Serbian republic's population that is non-Serb, thus decreasing its internal security. The Croatian and Bosnian territories that have been gained in the process are among the poorest regions of the former Yugoslavia, with very low rates of education and income, and are for the most part strategically very difficult to defend, since they are connected with Serbian-contiguous lands only by a very thin corridor.

See article by Serbian party leadership member Najdan Pasic*, in Danas, October 12, 1982. " Similar views were expressed also by Pasic and Draca* Markovic*, head of the Serbian party, indicating that this was the official position of the party (Cited in RFE Situation Report No. 256, November 7, 1983). See also Pasic letter to the central committee on the political situation, November 1982, cited in RFE Situation Report No. 125, June 1, 1983; and his calls to purge the party of conservatives who blocked reform, Politika, September 10, 1984.

To avoid this confusion, and to clarify the dependent variable (violent conflict, rather than ethnic sentiment) "ethnic nationalism" in this article refers to the rhetoric by which political actors describe, justify, and explain policies with reference to the interest of the "nation" defined in ethnic terms. It does not refer to sentiment or belief. This definition also makes clear that the root causes of a conflict that is described as ethnic may have little to do with ethnicity per se, and thereby points to the questions that must be answered to understand ethnic nationalist conflict: when do political elites resort to conflictual definitions of ethnic national interest?

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