Nazi Germany and the Arab World by Francis R. Nicosia

By Francis R. Nicosia

This publication considers the evolving strategic pursuits and international coverage purpose of the 3rd Reich towards the Arabic-speaking global, from Hitlers assumption of strength in January 1933 to 1944, a 12 months following the ultimate Axis defeat in and expulsion from North Africa in might 1943. It does so in the context of 2 important, interconnected concerns within the higher historical past of nationwide Socialism and the 3rd Reich, specifically Nazi geopolitical pursuits and targets and the regimes racial ideology and coverage. This ebook defines the quite constrained geopolitical pursuits of Nazi Germany within the heart East and North Africa in the context of its relationships with the opposite ecu nice powers and its regulations with reference to the Arabs and Jews who lived in these components.

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20 His description of the situation in Palestine and the Fertile Crescent, of Germany’s interests in the region, and his recommendations for the best way to preserve German interests there provide a good general summary of the foundations of German Middle East policy during the Weimar years. 21 He described the Arabs as lacking the capability and the will to develop the land, and as unjustified in their claims of oppression by outsiders. He asserted that Palestine constituted a dynamic, naturally friendly, and growing market for German exports, and a conduit for access to other markets in the region for German goods.

Geheime Dienste und Propaganda im deutsch-österreichisch-türkischen Bündnis 1914–1918 (Köln: Böhlau Verlag, 2012), 13–15. ), Germany and the Middle East, 1871–1945 (Princeton: Markus Wiener, 2004), 93. 22 Nazi Germany and the Arab World, 1933–1944 wartime strategic interests required the adherence of the Ottoman Empire to the Central Powers. Strategically, of course, this was necessary to block AngloFrench access to southern Russia through the straits separating Europe and Anatolia. A similar strategic need to keep Turkey separated from its wartime opponents would confront Nazi Germany beginning in 1939, in that particular instance through the maintenance of strict Turkish neutrality.

It concluded 22 23 24 PA: Botschaft Ankara. 3-Palästina, 1924–1928, “Bericht über meine Reise nach Palästina im März und April 1925,” III O 1269. PA: Gesandtschaft Bern, Palästina 1922–1937, “Aufzeichnung des AA über die Lage in Palästina,” Nr. IIb 245, 8. Mai 1922. Ibid. Continuity and Departure: Imperial and Weimar Germany 31 that Arab opposition to the British Mandate for Palestine was less about the rejection of Jewish immigration and the Jewish National Home than it was about the rejection of European imperial domination and the frustration of Arab ambitions for independence.

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