By Laurence Brockliss, John Cardwell, Michael Moss
Within the lead-up to the bicentenary of Trafalgar a few very important new reports were released concerning the lifetime of Nelson and his defeat of the mixed Fleet in 1805. regardless of the numerous function performed by way of the health and wellbeing and health of the British crews in securing the victory, little has been written hitherto in regards to the naval health practitioner within the period of the lengthy conflict opposed to France. This e-book is meant to fill the distance. Sir William Beatty (1773-1842) used to be physician of the Victory at Trafalgar. An Ulsterman from Londonderry, he had joined the army in 1791. sooner than being warranted to Nelson's flagship, Beatty had served upon ten different warships, and survived a yellow fever epidemic, court docket martial, and shipwreck to percentage within the seize of a Spanish treasure send. After Trafalgar, he grew to become health professional of the Channel Fleet, established at Plymouth, and finally general practitioner to Greenwich health facility, the place he served until eventually his retirement in 1838. because the booklet makes transparent in drawing upon an in depth prosopographical database, Beatty's occupation till 1805 was once consultant of the adventure of the nearly 2,000 naval surgeons who joined the military through the warfare. the 1st a part of the biography presents a close and scholarly advent to the pro schooling, education, and paintings of the naval health care provider. yet after 1805 Beatty turned a member of the provider elite, and his profession turns into attention-grabbing for different purposes. within the ultimate a long time of his existence, Beatty was once way over a senior naval health professional. As a Fellow of the Royal Society, director of the Clerical and medical health insurance corporation, and director of the London to Greenwich Railway, he used to be a well known determine in London's enterprise and clinical group, who used his growing to be wealth to construct a wide number of books and manuscripts. His later lifestyles is testimony to the a lot wider contribution that a few naval and armed forces scientific officials made to the advance of the hot Britain of the 19th century. In Beatty's case, too, the contribution used to be unique. through publishing in 1807 his rigorously crafted Authentic Narrative of the loss of life of Lord Nelson, he was once instrumental in forging the parable of the hero's final hours, which has develop into part of the nationwide awareness and has helped to outline for generations the concept that of Britishness.
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Extra info for Nelson's Surgeon: William Beatty, Naval Medicine, and the Battle of Trafalgar
As late as 1835 there were still some 700 surgeons on the active list who had received their warrant during the wars. 64 Admittedly, virtually all were on half-pay in 1835, but they were in theory all available for further duty. And some, however old, 62 WL, RAMC Longmore Papers, L19/82: Sam to T. Longmore, 12 Ap. , L19/64: Mrs Longmore to Thomas—one of many letters re 63 Dunne, Chirurgical Candidate, 71. brandy smuggling. 64 TNA, ADM 104/12–14: surgeons for service in order of seniority, 1774–1815.
1804, off Toulon: Nicolas, Dispatches, v. 439. WL, RAMC Longmore Papers, L6/2, 4: warrants; L19/5: Longmore to mother 16 Sept. 1799. , L19/9, 18–98: James Johnston (of the Sick and Hurt Board) to Longmore, 22 Feb. 1800; Longmore’s family letters, 5 Nov. 1800–13 Aug. 1805. , L19/104: Longmore to his mother, 10 Mar. 1806. , L6/no number: fragment of letter re his movements 1806–7. 69 70 The Naval Surgeon During the French Wars 29 were to his satisfaction. His messmate on the Contest was a semi-drunk; the Pelter was an ill-disciplined brothel; while the Atalante’s commander, Captain Griffiths, was a rigid disciplinarian who allowed his surgeon few opportunities to go ashore when they were cruising off the south coast.
Pay rise. Among the petitions consequently forwarded was one from the surgeons of the Mediterranean Fleet, which was presented in October to Henry Dundas, Viscount Melville, first lord of the Admiralty 1804–5, with a supporting letter from their commander-in-chief, Lord Nelson. ‘ . . 32 In the future naval surgeons were to be paid on a sliding scale, at a rate of 10s. a day when first posted to 18s. a day after twenty years of continuous service. Only their mates, now called assistants and given a daily wage of 6s.