By Peter Suber
The net we could us proportion ideal copies of our paintings with a world viewers at nearly free of charge. We make the most of this progressive chance after we make our paintings "open access": electronic, on-line, at no cost, and freed from such a lot copyright and licensing regulations. Open entry is made attainable by way of the net and copyright-holder consent, and lots of authors, musicians, filmmakers, and different creators who rely on royalties are understandably unwilling to offer their consent. yet for 350 years, students have written peer-reviewed magazine articles for effect, no longer for funds, and are unfastened to consent to open entry with out wasting revenue.
In this concise creation, Peter Suber tells us what open entry is and isn't, the way it advantages authors and readers of analysis, how we pay for it, the way it avoids copyright difficulties, the way it has moved from the outer edge to the mainstream, and what its destiny may possibly carry. Distilling a decade of Suber's influential writing and considering open entry, this can be the necessary publication at the topic for researchers, librarians, directors, funders, publishers, and coverage makers.
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Additional info for Open Access (The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series)
The internet is widening the gap between the interests of conventional publishers and the interests of researchers and research institutions. Conventional publishers are adapting to the digital age in some respects. They’re migrating most print journals to digital formats12 and even dropping their print editions. They’re incorporating hyperlinks, search engines, and alert services. A growing number are digitizing their backfiles and integrating texts with data. But the r evolutionary Motivation 35 The deeper problem is that we donate time, labor, and public money to create new knowledge and then hand control over the results to businesses that believe, correctly or incorrectly, that their revenue and survival depend on limiting access to that knowledge.
Most faculty and researchers are aware of access gaps in their libraries but generally unaware of their causes and unaware that the problems are systemic and worsening. ) On the other hand, librarians are acutely aware of library budget crises, high journal prices, hyperinflationary price increases, bundling constraints, publisher profit margins, and the disconnect between prices paid and journal costs, size, usage, impact, and quality. Researcher oblivion to the problems facing libraries adds several new problems to the mix.
Even when we succeed at removing price and permission barriers, four other kinds of access barrier might remain in place: • Filtering and censorship barriers Many schools, employers, ISPs, and governments want to limit what users can see. 26 Chapter 1 • Language barriers Most online literature is in English, or another single language, and machine translation is still very weak. • Handicap access barriers Most web sites are not yet as accessible to handicapped users as they should be. • Connectivity barriers The digital divide keeps billions of people offline, including millions of scholars, and impedes millions of others with slow, flaky, or low-bandwidth internet connections.