Opening Up North America, 1497-1800, Revised Edition by Caroline Cox, Ken Albala

By Caroline Cox, Ken Albala

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Extra info for Opening Up North America, 1497-1800, Revised Edition (Discovery and Exploration)

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No doubt, he did not want to return to Spain empty-handed. Navigators would continue to search for the Northwest Passage through the next century. Exploration and Empire  Early English Voyagers In 1527, England’s John Rut led one final attempt to seek out a northwest passage. Robert Thorne, a Bristol merchant, initiated the voyage. He understood that the distance to Asia would be much shorter this way than the route taken by the Spanish and Portuguese. Thorne also understood that the days are much longer at these latitudes during the summer and much safer sailing could take place by sunlight.

Tessoüat told Champlain that he could get no farther that season, so Champlain began his return journey. Historians are undecided today about whether Vignau actually had seen Hudson Bay. They think that Tessoüat might have encouraged Champlain to turn back in order to maintain his own power in the region. On Champlain’s return journey, 40 canoes accompanied him as part of a celebratory farewell from the Native Americans. Champlain’s group ran the rapids without any accidents and had successfully mapped parts of the region, having taken measurements of the latitude using an astrolabe.

In 1614, another Dutch explorer, Adriaen Block, mapped the region. He discovered that Long Island was separate from the mainland. Block also named Manhattan and explored the Connecticut River. Europeans Colonize and Contest Northeastern America  Soon a new Dutch company was formed, the New Netherland Company. It set up two trading forts at New Amsterdam (presentday Manhattan) and Fort Nassau, later renamed Fort Orange (near the site of present-day Albany).

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