By Yvonne M. Conde
Among 1960 and 1962, over 14,000 childrens have been despatched out of Cuba on my own by means of determined mom and dad who feared for his or her kid's destiny less than Castro. the writer, herself a Pedro Pan baby, has recorded 1000s in their various tales and reports from American foster houses and orphanages. those teenagers proportion their emotions approximately this painful time of their lives. The booklet investigates the occasions and key figures surrounding the exodus, together with the jobs of the Catholic church and the country division, and the level of the CIA's involvement.
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Additional info for Operation Pedro Pan : The Untold Exodus of 14,048 Cuban Children
Owned Havana Riviera Hotel, worth $15 million, was seized, as were fourteen tobacco farms in Piñar del Rio, Cuba’s westernmost province. In the name of the revolution, individual rights were being eroded. The right of habeas corpus† was suspended, as well as the requirement that persons be formally charged within twentyfour hours of their detention. The Supreme Court’s right to decide the constitutionality of laws was eliminated, as was the powers of courts to intervene for detained persons. 49 * Five years later, in 1965, Cubelas would be sentenced to twenty years in prison for plotting to kill Castro.
24 Adiós Cuba: 1961–1962/35 The New York Times reported on April 20 that bands of youths roamed the streets of most major Cuban cities, intimidating the people and aiding the secret police in roundups of suspicious persons. Julio Nuñez, then a fourteen-year-old student at the Instituto de Matanzas, was a victim of such a mob. He was walking down the street when he heard, “Let’s get whitey,” only to look around and realize in horror that the mob was referring to him as they started throwing rocks and stones.
10 “Education plans stir Cuban fears,” heralded a New York Times article on February 19, 1961. 13 Parents also saw that a revolutionary army major could be someone as young as seventeen. 14 During a three-hour speech on March 27, Castro addressed the first national meeting of student members of the Rebel Youth Association, a new government-formed group. ” He added that the Catholic Church was carrying out the orders of “Yankee imperialism,” inducing young people to put bombs in schools, carry out sabotage, and fight against his revolution.