Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive Treatment in by Professor Edward Shorter, Professor David Healy

By Professor Edward Shorter, Professor David Healy

Shock remedy is making a return this day within the therapy of significant psychological disease. regardless of its reemergence as a secure and potent psychiatric device, despite the fact that, it remains to be shrouded by way of a longstanding damaging public snapshot, no longer least because of movies akin to the vintage One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest, the place the inmate of a psychiatric hospital (played by way of Jack Nicholson) is subjected to electro-shock to lower his rebellious habit. past its vilification in pop culture, the stereotype of convulsive remedy as a perilous and inhumane perform is fuelled through specialist posturing and public incorrect information. Electroconvulsive remedy, or ECT, has within the final thirty years been thought of a style of final inn within the remedy of debilitating melancholy, suicidal ideation, and other kinds of psychological disorder. but, mockingly, its effectiveness in treating those sufferers could recommend it as a frontline treatment, bringing reduction from acute indicators and saving lives.

In this publication, Edward Shorter and David Healy hint the debatable historical past of ECT and different "shock" cures. Drawing on case reviews, public debates, wide interviews, and archival examine, the authors disclose the myths approximately ECT that experience proliferated through the years. by way of displaying ECT's usually life-saving effects, Shorter and Healy propose some degree of view that's hotly contested in expert circles and in public debates, yet for the approximately half all clinically depressed sufferers who don't reply to medications, this booklet brings a lot wanted hope.

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Battlefield Medicine: A History of the Military Ambulance by John S. Haller Jr.

By John S. Haller Jr.

In this primary historical past of the army ambulance, historian John S. Haller Jr. records the advance of scientific applied sciences for treating and transporting wounded infantrymen at the battlefield. Noting that the be aware ambulance has been used to consult either a cellular scientific help procedure and a style of shipping, Haller takes readers again to the origins of the trendy ambulance, overlaying their evolution extensive from the overdue eighteenth century via international battle I. 

The emerging nationalism, monetary and imperial pageant, and armed forces alliances and hands races of the 19th and early 20th centuries determine prominently during this historical past of the army ambulance, which focuses almost always on British and American technological developments. starting with alterations brought through Dominique-Jean Larrey in the course of the Napoleonic Wars, the e-book strains the organizational and technological demanding situations confronted through opposing armies within the Crimean battle, the yankee Civil conflict, the Franco-Prussian battle, and the Philippines revolt, then climaxes with the ditch war that outlined global struggle I. The operative notice is "challenges" of remedy and evacuation simply because whereas a few issues realized in a clash are carried into the subsequent, too frequently, the spasms of battle strength its contributors to copy the mistakes of the prior earlier than buying a lot wanted insight.

More than a historical past of scientific evacuation structures and automobiles, this exhaustively researched and richly illustrated quantity tells a desirable tale, giving readers a different viewpoint of the altering nature of battle within the 19th and early 20th centuries.

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UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook. Ultra-High Molecular Weight by Steven M. Kurtz

By Steven M. Kurtz

This ebook describes the technology, improvement, houses and alertness of of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) utilized in man made joints. This fabric is at present utilized in 1.4 million sufferers worldwide each year to be used within the hip, knee, top extremities, and backbone.

Since the ebook of the first version there were significant advances within the improvement and scientific adoption of hugely crosslinked UHMWPE for hip and knee alternative. There has additionally been an immense foreign attempt to introduce diet E stabilized UHMWPE for sufferers. The amassed wisdom on those periods of fabrics are a key function of the 2d version, in addition to an extra 19 extra chapters offering assurance of the foremost engineering facets (biomechanical and fabrics technology) and clinical/biological functionality of UHMWPE, delivering a extra whole reference for commercial and educational fabrics experts, and for surgeons and clinicians who require an figuring out of the biomaterials homes of UHMWPE to paintings effectively on sufferer applications.

* The UHMWPE instruction manual is the great reference for pros, researchers, and clinicians operating with biomaterials applied sciences for joint substitute * New to this variation: 19 new chapters continue readers brand new with this fast paced subject, together with a brand new part on UHMWPE biomaterials; hugely crosslinked UHMWPE for hip and knee alternative; nutrition E stabilized UHMWPE for sufferers; scientific functionality, tribology an biologic interplay of UHMWPE * cutting-edge insurance of UHMWPE expertise, orthopedic functions, biomaterial characterisation and engineering elements from acknowledged leaders within the field

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Methods for NEURAL ENSEMBLE RECORDINGS by Miguel A. L. Nicolelis

By Miguel A. L. Nicolelis

Neuroscientists have lengthy famous the significance of realizing the underlying ideas of knowledge processing via huge populations of neurons. tools for Neural Ensemble Recordings explores equipment for utilizing electrophysiological strategies for tracking the concurrent task of ensembles of unmarried neurons. given that present tools enable one to at the same time checklist the extracellular task of as much as 100-150 neurons for days or weeks, neural ensemble recordings were used to deal with long-standing concerns in improvement, studying, reminiscence, sensorimotor integration, sensory details processing, and neuronal plasticity.

EXAMINES the numerous attainable purposes FOR THIS innovative METHOD

Each bankruptcy bargains a step by step description for the implementation of a selected approach or experimental paradigm using simultaneous a number of electrode recordings. The ideas defined can be utilized in functions that impression a wide workforce of existence scientists, including:

  • drug screening (pharmacology) in either in vitro and in vivo preparations
  • developmental stories and experiences of neuronal plasticity
  • chronic tracking of neuronal functionality in behavioral studies
  • physiological tracking of neuronal job in cellphone cultures and mind slices
  • physiological tracking of neuronal task in neurons trafected with genetic vectors
  • chronic tracking of physiological adjustments in populations of neurons in the course of studying of latest sensorimotor and cognitive tasks
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    Integrating History and Philosophy of Science: Problems and by Seymour Mauskopf, Tad Schmaltz

    By Seymour Mauskopf, Tad Schmaltz

    Though the book of Kuhn's constitution of clinical Revolutions appeared to bring in the appearance of a unified research of the historical past and philosophy of technological know-how, it's a not easy incontrovertible fact that background of technology and philosophy of technology have more and more grown aside. lately, notwithstanding, there was a sequence of workshops on each side of the Atlantic (called '&HPS') meant to carry historians and philosophers of technology jointly to debate new integrative techniques. this can be consequently an extremely acceptable time to discover the issues with and clients for integrating background and philosophy of technology. the unique essays during this quantity, all from experts within the heritage of technological know-how or philosophy of technology, supply such an exploration from a large choice of views. the amount combines common reflections at the present country of background and philosophy of technology with stories of the relation among the 2 disciplines in particular old and clinical cases.

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    Managing Project Uncertainty by David Cleden

    By David Cleden

    Via identifying up the place conventional possibility administration ideas start to fail, this publication brings jointly modern considering from numerous disciplines and exhibits how those recommendations can be utilized to overcome uncertainty in tasks. The ebook addresses 5 key questions: Why is there uncertainty in initiatives? How do you notice the indications of uncertainty, ideally at an early level? What will be performed to prevent uncertainty? What ideas can be utilized to accommodate undertaking uncertainty? How can either the person and the business enterprise learn how to cope extra successfully sooner or later? learn more... dwelling with uncertainty -- Uncertainty in venture and programme plans -- Problem-solving ideas for handling uncertainty -- Knowledge-centric ideas -- Anticipation techniques -- Resilience innovations -- studying options

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    How Everyday Products Make People Sick: Toxins at Home and by Paul D. Blanc

    By Paul D. Blanc

    ''A tremendous instrument for making our houses, eventually, a secure position to elevate children.'' — Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., writer of Crimes opposed to Nature and St. Francis of Assisi.''This is the paintings of a life-time, one absolute to be a vintage for destiny lifetimes. Thirty years in the past, Paul Blanc trained me concerning the danger of cancers brought on by company and govt negligence. Now he tells a good, wonderful and stunning tale, in response to an unlimited wisdom of technological know-how, executive rules, historical past and pop culture that exhibits our own dependency and the almost-forsaken explanation for public health.'' — Tom Hayden, former chairman, committee on usual assets, California country senate.''''A masterful synthesis of a few of the very heated and demanding environmental and occupational healthiness problems with our time. Paul Blanc deals a grounded examine the longer term historical past of business sickness, and the poisonous surroundings within which we now stay — whatever that has been neglected in discussions of the increase of the trendy environmental movement.'' — David Rosner, writer of Deceit and Denial: The lethal Politics of business pollutants and co-author of include We prepared? Public well-being considering the fact that 9-11.

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    Oxford Handbook of Nutrition and Dietetics by Joan Webster-Gandy, Angela Madden, Michelle Holdsworth

    By Joan Webster-Gandy, Angela Madden, Michelle Holdsworth

    The significance of nutrients within the prevention and therapy of illness and the upkeep of excellent well-being is being more and more known. nutrients is a space that every one well-being pros must be conscious of and but one during which few are particularly informed. nutrients can be turning into a valued subject in lots of curricula. it's a sizeable topic and textbooks are via necessity huge and will remain caught at the bookshelf. The Oxford guide of nutrients and Dietetics makes this knowledge extra available to dietitians, medical professionals, nurses, nutritionists and different healthcare pros by means of offering a realistic, simply obtainable, concise and recent evidence-based advisor in a hassle-free moveable guide. The health care professional who encounters dietary difficulties will locate the mandatory details during this e-book on both tips on how to reply to sufferer queries, or whilst to consult a extra specialized practitioner.The instruction manual covers the full existence cycle from preconception to previous age and is prepared in 36 chapters which come with foodstuff evaluate, meals labelling, practical meals and nutrition vitamins, non-nutrient elements of nutrients, drug-nutrient interactions and prescription of dietary items, meals in systems-based ailments, nutrients in specified teams, reminiscent of the very younger and older humans, and well known diets. hyperlinks among chapters are transparent and straightforward to keep on with. for instance a clinician trying to find suggestion on weight problems will locate useful info on type and therapy, together with a simple to take advantage of calculator for BMI (body mass index), with heritage info on power within the nutrition and administration in inhabitants teams equivalent to kids. Topical components, comparable to metabolic syndrome, and rarer stipulations, akin to nutritional administration of phenylketonuria also are coated. Lists of meals wealthy in yes nutrition are incorporated as quickly reference publications for use by means of busy practitioners.The contents replicate the altering constitution of the NHS, accordingly, equivalent emphasis is given to dietary technology, healing dietetics, and food and dietetics in the neighborhood together with constructing meals prevention programmes. This holistic method is leading edge and recognises the call for through future health care execs for dietary and dietetic info in order to perform their evolving roles successfully. because the basic public is more and more conscious of the meals they devour and the function foodstuff performs in health and wellbeing and disorder, it's crucial that health and wellbeing pros have the type of wisdom during this publication at their fingertips.

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