By Mark F. Carr (auth.)
Despite the modem restoration of advantage conception in ethics, conceptions of temperance stay mostly unexamined. during this examine I supply an exam ofcertain interpretive threads oftemperance as a advantage starting in classical philosophy and relocating via early to medieval Christian conceptions. i locate modern notions oftemperance to be sorely missing in comparison and contrasted to those ancient conceptions. Aristotelian and Thomistic debts of temperance are rather vital to the normative assertion of temperance I provide right here. to completely comprehend temperance one needs to realize its position one of the ethical virtues, specifically phronesis or useful judgment. although I position temperance inside useful judgment, this research stops brief ofoffering an entire account of advantage thought and the way it mayor would possibly not relate to different theories ofthe ethical lifestyles. whereas modern perspectives of temperance sometimes observe its basic relevance to the adventure of emotion, I complicated upon the paintings of temperance as an important a part of the trouble to incorporate emotion within the ethical existence. In present-day reviews of the psychology of emotion, cognitive theories have reasserted the classical perception of emotion as which includes either physiological and mental components ofhuman personhood. Temperance is the first advantage within the ethical agent's attempt to competently contain the whole lot ofthe emotional event in ethical deliberation. i locate it correct to an ethical reaction to either the physiological and mental parts of emotion.
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Additional resources for Passionate Deliberation: Emotion, Temperance, and the Care Ethic in Clinical Moral Deliberation
Ithaca : Cornell University Press, 1966, p. 158. 5 Sophrosyne, p. 151. 6 Sophrosyn e, p. 162. 7 Sophrosyne , p. 176. s Nussbaum , Martha. The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy . New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986, p. 204. 9 Helen North writes in Sophrosyn e, p. " Nancy Sherman regards Plato's work in the Republic as the most influential element of the move toward a more narrow specification of sophrosyne. See Fabric ofCharacter, pp. 107, n. 8 Aristotle speaks of the profligate man who pursues bodily pleasures to an excess with the result that all principle is lost.
As noted above, even Aristotle himself was hard pressed to characterize the relationship between temperance and the golden mean . But whatever difficulties might remain , I dare say that Ramsey would not advocate an essential disharmony or imbalance in the life of the Christian as he lives out the life of virtue. Ramsey 's call for emancipation from the Aristotelian mean is not a call for Christians to eschew the life of temperance. My second criticism is directed at Ramsey's view of neighbor love in his early work.
Toronto : Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1979, p. lIS . "Temperantia est rationis in libidinem atque in alios non rectos inpetus animi firma et moderata dominatio" (Abaelardus, Dialogus inter Philosophum, ludaeum et Christianum, textkritische edition, von Rudolf Thomas, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt; Friedrich Frommann Verlag (GUnther Holzboog), 1970, p. 120. 80 A Dialogue ofa Philosopher with a Jew, and a Christian, p. lIS . 81 Ibid. 82 The connection of beauty with temperance moves in the direction of the broad claim of social manner which remains to be discussed .