By Kateryna Fedoryka Cuddeback, Paulina Taboada (auth.), Paulina Taboada, Kateryna Fedoryka Cuddeback, Patricia Donohue-White (eds.)
Besides supplying a serious research of the WHO definition and a assessment of either historical and modern conceptions of overall healthiness, the cooperative attempt of physicians and philosophers awarded during this ebook works during the demanding situations which any definition of health and wellbeing faces, whether it is to be either really personalist, and while operational.
The total objective of this ebook is to seize the necessities of human healthiness and to suggest the outlines for a personalist knowing of this idea, i.e., a belief that does justice to the non-public nature of humans by way of introducing dimensions which are necessary to own existence and wellbeing and fitness, comparable to the nation-states of rationality, affectivity and freedom, the geographical regions of that means, values, morality, and spirituality, the nation-states of social and interpersonal kin.
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Extra info for Person, Society and Value: Towards a Personalist Concept of Health
1982. In this paper I shall use the concept 'paradigm' in the Kuhnian sense (Kuhn, 1962), although I do not agree with the epistemological assumptions that underlie the understanding of 'paradigms' and 'paradigm change' in contemporary theory of science. , Rapoport R. and Gerard R. (cf. Bertalanffy, 1968, p. ) Although both the vitalist and the mechanistic conceptions of life have good arguments in their favor, both approaches have been strongly criticized for different reasons. For example, the main argument against the vitalist conception is that it finds it necessary to introduce a soul-like factor in order to account for the capacities of self-organization, self-building and goal-directed behavior characterizing living organisms.
1952, Problems of Life. An Evaluation of Modern Biological and Scientific Thought. , Ltd. New York. ). Ed. Universidad de Chile, Santiago de Chile. 1968, General System Theory. Foundations, Development, Applications, George Braziller, New York. 1975, Perspectives on General System Theory, Scientific-Philosophical Studies, George Braziller, New York. Brody, H. ): 1979, Ways of Health.
There is, however, a danger in such a conception, namely that the concept of health expands in such way that it is no longer possible to define its bearer or determine any responsibility for health care. Hence, the inclusion of the relational dimension of the person in the conception of human health needs to be grounded in a clear distinction between the individual as such and everything else to which she stands in relation. Thus, the systems conception of human health confronts us with the challenge of providing an adequate philosophical foundation for the unifying principle of being, which secures both the individual nature of the human person (which stands at the foundation of her being an autonomous subject of rights and duties), and her relational character (which is certainly an essential mark of personal beings).