By C. Krohn-Hansen
What's 'authoritarian rule' and is it best studied? utilizing the Dominican Republic, this booklet investigates new tools of study, arguing that it may be valuable to procedure authoritarian histories – like different histories – at the foundation of distinctive investigations of energy relationships, daily practices and meanings.
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Additional info for Political Authoritarianism in the Dominican Republic
Much of this racism is directed toward Haiti, a state where blacks make up the vast majority of the population: “Haiti and things ‘Haitian’ are scorned and rejected by Dominican society” (Sagás 2000:4). Negrophobia and antiHaitianism were, and continue to be, widespread among Dominicans (Derby 1994; Martínez 1997; Torres-Saillant 1998a, 1998b; Sagás 2000; Howard 2001). Some authors, in particular Yunén (1985) and Baud (1996; 2002), have claimed that anti-Haitianism has not been generalized in Dominican society—that it has mainly been a product fashioned from above by elites, and has not typically had a large following in the popular sectors.
Born in a village in the Cibao, Balaguer was raised in modest circumstances. Like Bosch, he was an intellectual and prolific author. A lawyer by profession, he had studied at the University of Santo Domingo and at the Sorbonne. Before 1960, Balaguer occupied the positions of secretary and minister under Trujillo, and ambassador to Mexico, Colombia, and Honduras. After a brief exile in New York following Trujillo’s death, Balaguer founded the Reformist Party (PR) in 1964 and gained the support of army officers.
Across the country, public jobs were given almost exclusively to members of the president’s own party. After 1966, the number of employees in the public sector increased steadily. Three circumstances served to make this everexpanding public sector during the first Balaguer administration possible. In the first years after 1966, the Dominican state received hundreds of millions of dollars in financial assistance from the United States. S. aid in Latin America. S. sugar 30 P OL I T IC A L AU T HOR I TA R I A N I S M I N T H E DR quota (Moya Pons 1990:531; Betances 1995:120, 123).