Political Islam and Governance in Bangladesh by Ali Riaz

By Ali Riaz

The earlier decade has visible a marked coverage concentration upon Bangladesh, domestic to just about a hundred and fifty million Muslims; it has attracted the eye of the area because of vulnerable governance and the emerging tide of Islamist violence. This booklet presents a broad-ranging research of the expansion and impression of "political Islam" in Bangladesh, and reactions to it. Grounded in empirical information, specialists on Bangladesh study the altering personality of Bangladeshi politics because 1971, with a specific concentrate on the convergence of governance, Islamism and militancy. They study the affects of Islamist politics on schooling, pop culture and civil society, and the nearby and extraregional connections of the Bangladeshi Islamist groups.

Bringing jointly newshounds and teachers - all of whom have diverse specialist and methodological backgrounds and box reports which effect upon those matters from diverse vantage issues - the publication assesses Bangladesh’s personal customers for inner balance in addition to its wider impression upon South Asian protection. It argues that the political atmosphere of Bangladesh, the attraction of Islamist ideology to the final plenty and the dynamic adaptability of Islamist businesses all display that Bangladesh will proceed to concentration the eye of coverage makers and analysts alike. it is a well timed, incisive and unique rationalization of the increase of political Islam and Islamic militancy in Bangladesh.

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At different moments both the BNP and the AL sought out potential electoral alliances with the JI, thereby conferring on the party the political respectability it had lacked earlier. It is too easy to posit a linear historical progression from secularism to religious fundamentalism in Bangladesh, with the JI as the central actor, which is how conventional narratives would have it. The presence of JI and other Islamists in national politics in the 1980s and 1990s undoubtedly contributed to the broader process of mainstreaming religion in public culture, as scholars have pointed out.

Shortly before parliamentary elections in 1996, the AL leader, Sheikh Hasina performed the Muslim pilgrimage or Hajj with much fanfare. 38 As things stand today, political leaders now compete to “out-Islamicize” one another, often in an astonishingly transparent manner. Just before she resigned as prime minister in 2006, Khaleda Zia announced that she would accept a long-standing demand by radical Islamist groups to extend state recognition to private madrassahs. The announcement was widely interpreted as a way of securing Islamist support prior to the elections of December 2006.

The AL government with its new left-leaning partners is trying, among other things, to complete the trials of the killers of Mujib and his family, and to set up a much-needed War Crimes Tribunal to try the war time collaborators of 1971 who are still at large. If these could be carried through transparently, a substantial change in political culture would emerge. ” The assertion that these are accidental or unavoidable deaths that occur in the course of preventing criminal activities has been challenged by both human rights organizations and opposition parties.

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