Predators and Parasites: Persistent Agents of Transnational by Oded Lowenheim

By Oded Lowenheim

What explains variance within the coverage of serious Powers towards drug traffickers, pirates, and terrorists? Does counterharm coverage rely simply at the measure of fabric damage brought on to a strong kingdom by way of such nonstate actors, or do normative, ethical, and emotional elements additionally play a job? Why did the united states, for instance, harshly punish al Qaeda after Sept. 11 yet keep away from taking related forceful measures opposed to overseas drug traffickers who let the deaths of millions of usa citizens every year through promoting hugely unlawful and destructive narcotics? Oded L?wenheim argues that the solutions to those questions lie within the social development of brokers of harm.  "Predators and Parasites exhibits, with notable scholarship, that international politics is characterised via a cartel-like constitution that provides states monopolies of valid violence. Sovereignty and an international constitution of authority are usually not together unique. In a feeling, anarchy is within the eye of the beholder."—Robert O. Keohane, Princeton University"An beneficial contribution to the turning out to be physique of constructivist literature in diplomacy and may be learn via an individual attracted to using strength in modern worldwide politics . . . is going far towards explaining America's warfare on Terror opposed to al Qaeda and the Taliban and the common international aid for this coverage, in addition to the hugely damaging worldwide response to America's personal intervention in Iraq and its norm-threatening doctrine of preemption."—Richard W. Mansbach, Iowa kingdom University"Prepare to be boarded! L?wenheim can provide a vital constructivist educational on nice strength sovereignty and authority. An highbrow swashbuckler!"—Rodney Bruce corridor, Oxford University"Rejecting preventive warfare for ethical consistency and simply behavior, a desirable dialogue of pirates, terrorists, and revenge."—Jon Mercer, college of WashingtonOded L?wenheim is Lecturer within the division of diplomacy on the Hebrew college of Jerusalem.

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Additional info for Predators and Parasites: Persistent Agents of Transnational Harm and Great Power Authority

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I also explain why this book focuses on the coercive and forceful elements of Great Power authority. The second section provides a conceptual framework that accommodates Great Power authority in an anarchical system built on the principle of sovereign equality. The third section accounts for Great Power authority through discussion of the effects of three fundamental institutions of violence: sovereignty, actorhood, and the laws of war. Finally, the fourth section highlights the centrality of moral consistency in the preservation of Great Power authority.

The nature of technologies of violence, who controls them, and how and why they are employed have an impact on all other spheres of life. Social relations—within states and across their borders—cannot exist independently of the various aspects of organized violence. Because the use of violence endangers all social relations and constructs, they are dependent on certain institutionalization of violence and de‹nitions of legitimate and illegitimate violence. Thus, to many the regulation of organized violence represents the primary problem of politics and social life (Deudney 2000, 88).

In fact, this is one of the differences between early modern sovereignty and modern popular sovereignty. In the ‹rst case, very few people were considered to be the subjects of state security and moral purpose, while under modern sovereignty all the citizens of the state are equally considered as subjects of security (Reus-Smit 1999). , for the ful‹llment of moral or humanitarian ends). Further, the hegemonic culture of sovereignty will de‹ne if other nontangible incentives and motives legitimize transborder violence (religious reasons; the pursuit of “virtue,” glory, and prowess; the seeking of vengeance; ideological reasons) or if only ostensibly material and rationalist reasons (economic interests, commercial policies, geopolitical and security considerations) are deemed to be within the normative boundaries of the reasons for transborder violence.

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