By Alexandre Emboaba Da Costa
Reimagining Black distinction and Politics in Brazil examines Black Brazilian political fight and the predicaments it faces in a time characterised by way of the expanding institutionalization of ethno-racial regulations and black participation in coverage orchestration. larger public debate and coverage recognition to racial inequality indicates the attenuation of racial democracy and confident miscegenation as hegemonic ideologies of the Brazilian countryside. even though, the colorblind and post-racial logics of mix and racial democracy, particularly the denial and/or minimization of racism as an issue, retain a powerful grip on public considering, social motion, and institutional practices. via a spotlight at the epistemic dimensions of black struggles and the anti-racist pluri-cultural efforts which have been positioned into motion via activists, students, and enterprises over the last decade, Alexandre Emboaba Da Costa analyzes the ways that those politics negotiate in addition to search to head past the delimited understandings of racial distinction, belonging, and citizenship that form the modern politics of inclusion.
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Additional resources for Reimagining Black Difference and Politics in Brazil: From Racial Democracy to Multiculturalism
The centrality of miscegenation in the national discourse . . has precluded racial difference from becoming a prevailing basis for the constitution of culturally distinct groups, but it has sustained a discourse and practices that constitute racial difference as a social category. That is, in the Brazilian social conﬁguration—its juridical, economic, and symbolic levels—individuals’ positions are determined by the degree of blackness in their bodies, and this is expressed by the observable socio-economic disparities that mark black Brazilians’ subaltern social trajectories.
Since the 1990s, several key fronts of action have been prominent in black activists’ efforts: (1) recovering black self-esteem through modiﬁcation of aesthetic values, reappropriation of cultural values, recovery of black people’s role in national history, revival of racial and cultural pride, and similar efforts; (2) ﬁghting against racial discrimination by universalizing the guarantee of individual rights and freedoms to include blacks, mestiços, and the poor; (3) counteracting racial inequalities through public policies that in the longand medium-term could establish more balance in wealth, social prestige, and power between whites and blacks (Guimarães 2001, 168).
We must also analyze how these politics and alternatives get mobilized and reconﬁgured as struggles work within and beyond dominant ideologies, conceptions of citizenship, 18 ● Reimagining Black Difference and Politics in Brazil state institutions, and other forms of institutionalized power. The analysis of Centro Cultural Orùnmilá’s work seeks to accomplish this task, providing a detailed, grounded understanding of one of the many local struggles taking place today in ways that reﬂect the broader implications of such politics to address racism and black inequality.