Risk assessment and security for pipelines, tunnels, and by Anna M. Doro-on

By Anna M. Doro-on

"This quantity offers an built-in quantitative probability review technique systematically studying possible choices for shielding underground rail, oil and gasoline pipelines, pipeline freight transportation, and different tunnel structures from threats of terrorism and different failures. The publication analyzes engineering, environmental, and financial affects and addresses either direct and collateral damages. The e-book additionally presents  Read more...

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Potassium. 7. 9 Hexanitrohexaazalsowurtzitane The hexanitrohexaazalsowurtzitane or CL-20 (CAS number 135285-90-4) is obtained by condensing glyoxal with benzylamine to produce hexabenzylhexaazai­ sowurtzitane. 6°C = 316°F Lead block test: 220 cm3/10 g Decomposition begins at melting point; completes at 316°F Impact sensitivity: up to 50 N·m no reaction Friction sensitivity: 240 N pistil load reaction Note: See Meyer et al. (2002), ATF (2010). 78% Melting point: 430°F Note: See US Naval Technical Mission to Japan (1945), Meyer et al.

It is less powerful than hexanitroazobenzene. Additionally, it is insoluble in water and most organic solvents, and forms sensitive acid salts. It is prepared by nitration of asym-dinitrodiphenylamine and is formed by condensation of dinitrochlorobenzene with aniline. 94 g/cm3 Detonation velocity, confined: 7580 m/s Impact sensitivity: 5–6 N·m Decomposition begins at 266°F Friction sensitivity: up to 300 N Note: See Agrawal and Hodgson (2007), Meyer et al. (2002), Boileau et al. (1975), Emeury and Girardon (1980).

Most of these explosive devices are built by corrupt soldiers or officers supporting terrorist organizations in exchange of financial reward or security. 6 Terrorists Specializing in Chemical Threat Terrorist members who are capable of acquiring, developing, and handling chemical weapons usually undergo clandestine training within the terror organization. Not all terrorist members are able to perform chemical terrorism due to the complexity of delivery. The lead terrorist who is in charge of this capability would have usually acquired practical training and/or education related to chemistry or chemical engineering.

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