Sanctioning Iran: Anatomy of a Failed Policy by Hossein Alikhani

By Hossein Alikhani

Sanctioning Iran examines the earlier, current, and way forward for US sanctions coverage opposed to Iran. Sanctions became an more and more vital plank in US international coverage: in response to Richard Cheney, former US Secretary of safety, over 70 nations, two-thirds of the world’s inhabitants, now come lower than their impact. Hossein Alikhani information the method wherein the noose has progressively tightened on US-Iran exchange because the overthrow of the Shah and the hostage hindrance of 1979–80.

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It is for other alleged misdemeanours that since 1981 Iran has remained continuously the subject of US sanctions, and it appears that for years to come these will be an essential feature of US policy towards Iran. Tauris, 1999, pp. 227, 228. 2 SANCTIONS: AN INTEGRAL PART OF US FOREIGN POLICY I n the decades since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, the United States has tried to isolate Iran diplomatically, militarily and economically, relying on wide-ranging unilateral sanctions and export controls. First, sanctions were imposed as a response to the seizure of the American embassy in Tehran.

While Bakhtiar continued to seek public support, Khomeini’s aides maintained their secret negotiations with the military, which eventually, on 10 February, led to the military declaring neutrality and swinging its support behind the Islamic Republic. ’ 78 In addition to the common objective of toppling the Shah, one of the platforms that united the nationalists, socialists, Islamists and other opposition forces were anti-imperialistic sentiments, especially against the United States which was to be blamed for anything evil that had happened to Iran for the past 25 years.

A committee to control exports was headed by Representative Paul Kitchen, who firmly believed that a total embargo on communist countries was necessary and, on his recommendation, Congress enacted a series of amendments and reinforced export controls. One of these amendments required the president to consider not only the potential military significance, but also the ‘economic significance’ when determining whether or not to approve exports. 45 These amendments were an expansive authorization given to the president by Congress: they provided that the export of any items that could assist the economic development of any country hostile to the United States be controlled for the purposes of national security and foreign policy.

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