Schelling versus Hegel by John Laughland

By John Laughland

In tracing Friedrich von Schelling's lengthy philosophical improvement, John Laughland examines particularly his disentanglement from German idealism and his response, later in existence, opposed to Hegel. He argues that this tale has relevance past the proof themselves and that it explains a lot concerning the course philosophy took within the first century of the fashionable period.Schelling's improvement grew to become largely at the comparable questions of human liberty and the construction. Following a pointy war of words along with his previous good friend Hegel over the Phenomenology in 1807, Schelling wrote a brief yet marvelous essay on human freedom in 1809, and then he by no means released one other be aware. within the ultimate many years of his existence (d. 1854) Schelling built in an more and more conservative and Christian path, preoccupied with the connection among Christianity and metaphysics. in different lectures and unpublished works, he attacked what he observed because the hubris and artificiality of Hegelian rationalism.However the trail opposed to which Schelling warned was once the single which philosophy ultimately took. Schelling was resolute to teach how philosophy (especially ontology) defined and used to be defined by means of Christianity, and that either were broken by means of sleek rationalism. yet Hegel's Marxist epigones who attended his later lectures scoffed and Hegelianism triumphed. this is often an elegantly written and interesting examine within the historical past of principles of a thinker at the wasting aspect.

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6 See Bibliography. 7 Tilliette, L’absolu et la Philosophie, p. 242; O’Meara, Romantic Idealism and Roman Catholicism, passim; Emilio Brito, Philosophie et théologie dans l’oeuvre de Schelling (Paris: Cerf, 2000), p. 7. 8 Robert F. Brown, ‘Resources in Schelling for New Directions in Theology’, Idealistic Studies, XX/1 (January 1990): 15, note 1. 9 Hans Urs von Balthasar, Prometheus, Studien zur Geschichte des deutschen Idealismus (Heidelberg: Kerle, 1947), p. 240. 10 Tilliette, L’absolu et la Philosophie, p.

82 It was this rebellion which Schelling sought to redress. German idealism therefore devoted its principal efforts to reconciling Kant’s notorious dualism of nature and freedom. 83 The fact that German idealism grew out of the Kantian system explains why it was asserted earlier that the relationship between it and rationalism was close but full of tension: although German idealism was consciously reacting against specifically French rationalism, embodied in the French Revolution – a reaction which was given added impetus by the victories of Napoleon, and the final coup de grâce the Emperor delivered in 1806 to the Holy Roman Empire – it also drew much energy from sources which were in fact closer to home.

Fichte admitted no ultimate reality outside the thinking ‘I’, which engendered its own thought through its creative dynamism. Fichte therefore took Kant a step further, precisely because he believed that the noumenal realm, which for Kant was radically transcendent and unknowable, was intimately accessible to man because it was his innermost self. He seemed to believe, again against Kant, that the transcendent could be incarnated clearly on earth, and that it was incarnated in man. The world might not be in a grain of sand but the individual certainly had the Absolute within himself.

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