Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive Treatment in by Professor Edward Shorter, Professor David Healy

By Professor Edward Shorter, Professor David Healy

Shock remedy is making a return this day within the therapy of significant psychological disease. regardless of its reemergence as a secure and potent psychiatric device, despite the fact that, it remains to be shrouded by way of a longstanding damaging public snapshot, no longer least because of movies akin to the vintage One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest, the place the inmate of a psychiatric hospital (played by way of Jack Nicholson) is subjected to electro-shock to lower his rebellious habit. past its vilification in pop culture, the stereotype of convulsive remedy as a perilous and inhumane perform is fuelled through specialist posturing and public incorrect information. Electroconvulsive remedy, or ECT, has within the final thirty years been thought of a style of final inn within the remedy of debilitating melancholy, suicidal ideation, and other kinds of psychological disorder. but, mockingly, its effectiveness in treating those sufferers could recommend it as a frontline treatment, bringing reduction from acute indicators and saving lives.

In this publication, Edward Shorter and David Healy hint the debatable historical past of ECT and different "shock" cures. Drawing on case reviews, public debates, wide interviews, and archival examine, the authors disclose the myths approximately ECT that experience proliferated through the years. by way of displaying ECT's usually life-saving effects, Shorter and Healy propose some degree of view that's hotly contested in expert circles and in public debates, yet for the approximately half all clinically depressed sufferers who don't reply to medications, this booklet brings a lot wanted hope.

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Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive Treatment in Mental Illness

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Extra resources for Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive Treatment in Mental Illness

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In 1928, he moved to the University of Genoa, building up its university clinic.  The ECT story began shortly after Cerletti’s arrival in Genoa. In line with his interest in tissue changes in the central nervous system, in 1931 he decided to determine whether the hippocampus (or “horn of Ammon,” a region of the brain now known to play a role in learning and memory) was involved in epilepsy. How to investigate something like this? Induce epileptic fits in dogs and then examine tissue from the brain area in question.

He beat up the cousin and kicked him out of the house, declaring that he preferred to live in a mental hospital 28 chapter two than in this crazy world.  Meduna rapidly treated five patients, and every one recovered. He felt elated beyond words, wrote up the findings for a German journal, and took the manuscript to Schaffer, not knowing quite what to expect. “Well, a storm of emotions I got. . He called me a swindler, a humbug, a cheat, every bad name he could think of. ” Schaffer told Meduna that he would disown him if Meduna published the paper.

Research in histopathology meant learning the techniques for slicing thin sections of nervous tissue with a microtome, then preserving and staining them so they could be examined under the microscope. ”  Meduna latched onto the pineal gland (which produces melatonin in the brain), worked up the techniques for investigating it under the “mike,” and was soon promoted to assistant professor. In the years from 1923 to 1930, he slowly began to develop an interest in central-nervous pathology as well as anatomy.

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