Social Panorama of Latin America 2007 by United Nations

By United Nations

Within the final 4 years, Latin the United States has became in its most sensible functionality in twenty-five years in fiscal and social phrases. development with poverty aid, falling unemployment, bettering source of revenue distribution in different international locations and a powerful upswing in numbers of jobs are the most elements underlying the confident pattern in many of the region's international locations. the 1st chapters of during this record examine the way in which the most social symptoms have behaved within the previous couple of years. the next chapters tackle concerns that, for various purposes, have come to determine prominently on executive agendas.

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This points to the existence of certain problems in the area of targeting. Figure 10 LATIN AMERICA (11 COUNTRIES): distribution of public spending on social welfare programmes by primary income quintile, 1997-2004 a (Percentages) 100 Heads of household programme (Argentina, 2003) 90 Cumulative percentage of expenditure increase that has occurred over time in the coverage of the various levels of public education (preschool, primary, secondary and tertiary) has made it possible to gradually incorporate lower-income sectors of the population into the education system.

Although wages are not necessarily a source of motivation, they can become a cause of dissatisfaction. Despite the fact that teachers’ wages enable most families to live free of poverty, they often do not provide a standard of living that lends itself to professional development (see figure 17). This has a negative effect on continuing professional development and discourages young people in higher education from becoming teachers. 0 Teachers' wages/wages of other professional and technical workers Annual wage of teachers Annual wage of other professional and technical workers Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)/UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Latin America and the Caribbean (OREALC)/International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP), La inversión educativa en América Latina y el Caribe.

This involves quantifying goods and services transferred to the population and assessing their monetary value. The way in which social programmes help to increase disposable household income and make short-term changes in the household’s primary income distribution can thus be evaluated. Public social spending does not have a significant redistributive effect in the sense of substantially reducing income concentration. 4 % of primary household income. Another reason is that this resource is not allocated solely for the purposes of improving equity.

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