By Catherine Davies, Hilary Owen, Claire Brewster
The struggles for independence in Latin the US in the course of the first half the 19th century have been followed via a wide-ranging debate approximately political rights, nationality and citizenship. In South American Independence, Catherine Davies, Claire Brewster and Hilary Owen examine the missed function of gender in that dialogue. analyzing girls writers from Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Peru, and Colombia, the ebook lines the contradictions inherent in innovative routine that, whereas arguing for the rights of all, remained ambivalent, at top, in regards to the position of ladies. via reviews of either released and unpublished writings, South American Independence finds the advanced position of ladies in shaping the vexed ideologies of independence.
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Additional info for South American Independence: Gender, Politics, Text (Liverpool University Press - Liverpool Latin American Studies)
Viewed in this light, it would be difficult to argue that the relative absence of militarism and anti-colonial warfare in Portuguese America’s independence process necessarily impacted positively on women. If anything, this ‘military deficit’ may have increased the pressure on men to extend their masculine authority over women in the semi-private, semi-public spheres of their slave plantations and landed estates. Consequently as Chapter on women writers in the Farroupilha Revolt will argue, while Brazil’s republican civil wars and revolts of the s and s certainly did not espouse women’s political rights, they sometimes did provide a mobile discursive field within which rigidly naturalised gender roles could be challenged by women.
As will be demonstrated, his public writings inscribe the feminine as myth, idolised or demonised, but outside historical time. As Bourdieu has argued, such mythopoetic rendering of sexual difference privileges the predominance of a masculine vision of the world (Bourdieu : ). Deeply engrained as ‘schèmes de pensée impensés’ or ‘inconscient culturel’, this kind of symbolic violence, as Bourdieu denotes it, is manifested in the implied meanings and presuppositions inscribed in discourse (Bourdieu, : –).
In official documents, a woman’s sex was always already flagged up, whereas class and race might not be. Gender, although inseparable South American indo text 14/11/06 10:19 AM Page 19 , , , from race and class or caste, was arguably the most important factor in defining a person’s social status. Under Roman law, women were recognised as daughters and wives and men as sons and heads of household responsible for dependants (Offen : ). Under Spanish law, women enjoyed greater rights than in the rest of Europe, particularly with regard to inheritance, which depended on legitimacy, not gender.