By Adorno, Theodor W.; Benjamin, Walter; Dobbs-Weinstein, Idit; Marx, Karl; Spinoza, Benedictus de
Spinoza's historical past has been occluded via his incorporation into the only, western, philosophical canon shaped and enforced via theologico-political condemnation, and his background is additional occluded by way of controversies whose secular apparel shields their spiritual origins. via situating Spinoza's idea in a materialist Aristotelian culture, this publication sheds new mild on those that inherit Spinoza's proposal and its effects materially and traditionally instead of metaphysically. via targeting Marx, Benjamin, and Adorno, Idit Dobbs-Weinstein explores the way during which Spinoza's radical critique of faith shapes materialist opinions of the philosophy of background. Dobbs-Weinstein argues that noticeably hostile notions of temporality and historical past are at stake for those thinkers, an onto-theological future-oriented one, and a political one orientated to the earlier for the sake of the current or, extra accurately, for the sake of actively resisting the continual barbarism on the middle of tradition
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Extra resources for Spinoza's critique of religion and its heirs : Marx, Benjamin, Adorno
Viewed in this light, Maimonides stands for Spinoza’s rejection of and by the synagogue. In contrast, Gersonides remains unknown, with very few exceptions. This is especially remarkable given the importance and influence of his astronomical works as well as his writings on Euclidian geometry. What remain entirely occluded and unavailable, however, are his most significant, strictly philosophical works. As the supercommentator on Averroes’s commentaries on Aristotle’s works, Gersonides is a highly significant source or trace of the transmission of the Arabic, Aristotelian tradition to the Renaissance and seventeenth century.
Who was this elusive philosopher, and why did he generate responses as passionate as 3 See introduction, note 6. 22 The Theologico-Political Construction they were diverse? Was Spinoza a critical follower of Descartes, but a follower nonetheless, or a precursor of German Idealism? Was he a significant forebear of Idealism’s critics (Nietzsche, Freud, and Marx) or a precursor of contemporary cognitive psychology and neuroscience (Churchland, Damasso4 ), on the one hand, feminist philosophy (Gatens and Lloyd5 ), on the other?
In the light of this brief summary of the occlusion 29 30 31 32 is the soul itself,” and that “the soul is immortal” (74), can neither be underestimated nor understood independently of the Averroist controversies. It is worth recalling that, less than a century before Ficino, one of the most influential Renaissance humanists, Petrarch, composed vitriolic diatribes against the Averroists. ” Renaissance Philosophy of Man, 143. In this respect, among others, Nietzsche is indeed Spinoza’s heir, as he himself tells Franz Overback in a letter from Sils Maria dated July 30, 1881.