By Thomas R. Gruber
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Extra info for The Acquisition of Strategic Knowledge
For example, the physician may prescribe drugs that treat a suspected disease, and the effectiveness of therapy can produce evidence pertinent to the hypothesis that a disease is present. In the final stage of the workup, the physician makes a treatment plan for the patient, specifying the treatments to try and the procedure for monitoring the patient's progress. In the context of the application system, the questions about the symptom history, the findings from the physical exam, the diagnostic tests, and the trial therapies are considered actions.
1987]. The performance criteria are not only to get the right diagnosis, but to choose diagnostic actions as a physician would, asking questions in an intelligent order and balancing the potential costs of diagnostic test and trial therapy with the evidential and therapeutic benefits. Strategic knowledge is used to decide which data-gathering action to take next, and the substantive knowledge is used to apply the incoming data to determine evidential support for hypotheses. ASK was used by its designer to acquire MUM's strategic knowledge, which was originally written in Lisp knowledge sources by a knowledge engineer.
In applications where the expert's strategic knowledge is important to the performance of the system, our goal is to directly acquire strategic knowledge: to elicit it from experts in a medium they understand and represent it explicitly in a language that a system can use and explain back to the expert. 2 Why Acquire Strategic Knowledge? 1). Strategy is hard to model, because it involves reasoning about actions with unpredictable effects in dynamic environments. It accentuates representation mismatch, because the way experts describe their strategy may not correspond to the procedural primitives often used to implement it.