By Thomas G. Honegger, Monika Füglister (auth.), Hitoshi Sawada Ph.D., Hideyoshi Yokosawa Ph.D., Charles C. Lambert Ph.D. (eds.)
Ascidians are the invertebrate workforce that gave upward thrust to vertebrates, hence the biology of ascidians presents an important key to knowing either invertebrates and vertebrates. This ebook is the 1st to hide all components of ascidian biology, together with improvement, evolution, biologically energetic elements, heavy steel accumulation, asexual copy, host-defense mechanisms, allorecognition mechanisms, comparative immunology, neuroscience, taxonomy, ecology, genome technological know-how, and nutrients technological know-how. The sixty nine articles that make up the gathering have been contributed by means of major ascidiologists from around the globe who participated within the First overseas Symposium at the Biology of Ascidians, held in June 2000 in Sapporo, Japan. For scientists and scholars alike, the ebook is a useful resource of data from the most recent, such a lot entire stories of ascidian biology.
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Extra resources for The Biology of Ascidians
Zool Sei 2:65-69 Morgan, TH (1939) The genetic and physiological problems of self-sterility in Ciona. IIl. Induced self-fertilization. J Exp Zool 80: 19-54 Marino R, Pinto MR, Cotelli F, Lamia CL, De Santis R (1998) The hsp70 protein is involved in the acquisition of gamete self-sterility in the ascidian, Ciona intestinalis. DeveIopment 125:899-907 Marino R, De Santis R, Giuliano P, Pinto MR (1999) Follicle cell proteasome activity and acid extract from the egg vitemne coat prompt the onset of seIf-sterility in Ciona intestinalis oocytes.
2. The PKC inhibitor K252b blocked PMA-dependent stimulation of mitochondrial translocation. Values are means ± standard deviations, n=900 total from triplicate experiments. 33 agonist PMA (5 11M), an action that was blocked by the PKC inhibitor, K252b (20 nM; Fig. 2). This establishes PKC as a signaling component capable of stimulating mitochondrial translocation. The selective PKC inhibitor, H7 (10 11M), also blocked stimulation of
We can speculate that a fraction of this disproportion of abundance is the result of the ability of A. nigra sperm to decrease fertilization of A. sydneiensis eggs by 44% while sperm from A. sydneiensis cause only a 28 % decrease in the fertilization of A. nigra eggs. While intraspecific sperm competition occurs in certain compound forms where there is competition between homologous sperm (Yund 1998), this is the first record of interspecific sperm competition in ascidians. Toulmond, C. Jouin-Toulmond, L.