By Anthony C. Cartwright
The British Pharmacopoeia has supplied legitimate criteria for the standard of gear, medicinal items and articles utilized in drugs due to the fact its first booklet in 1864. it truly is utilized in over a hundred international locations and continues to be an important international reference in pharmaceutical learn and improvement and quality controls. This booklet explores how those criteria were accomplished via a complete evaluate of the background and improvement of the pharmacopoeias within the united kingdom, from the early London, Edinburgh and Dublin nationwide pharmacopoeias to the production of the British Pharmacopoeia and its evolution over a hundred and fifty years. exchange in medicinal components and items has constantly been international, and the British Pharmacopoeia is positioned in its international context as an tool of the British Empire because it first sought to hide the wishes of nations similar to India and latterly as a part of its position in foreign harmonisation of criteria in Europe and somewhere else. The altering contents of the pharmacopoeias over this era replicate the alterations in clinical perform and the improvement of dosage types from items distributed by means of pharmacists to commercially synthetic items, from tinctures to the most recent monoclonal antibody items. The publication might be of equivalent price to historians of medication and pharmacy as to practitioners of medication, pharmacy and pharmaceutical analytical chemistry.
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Extra info for The British Pharmacopoeia, 1864 to 2014: Medicines, International Standards and the State
It remained in the British Pharmacopoeia until 1890. The fifth edition of the Pharmacopoeia was published in 1746. The sixth edition was published in 1788. This edition was the first to omit the theriacs such as Mithridatium and Theriaca Andromachi. This edition was the first London Pharmacopoeia to use the system of binomial plant nomenclature devised by the Swedish scientist Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778) and published in his book Systemae Naturae. The 1788 edition contains the text of a Privy Council order at the Court at St James made in the presence of King George III dated 16 January 1788.
Printed by John Allen for Nicholas Boone. 23 Boyle, R. Esq. Fellow of the Royal Society, 1703. Medical Experiments or a Collection of Choice and Safe Remedies for the most part useful in FAMILIES, and fitted for the SERVICE of Country People. Printed for Sam Smith at the Prince’s Arms and Jo Taylor at the Ship in St Paul’s Church-yard. 21 The British Pharmacopoeia, 1864 to 2014 14 over 100 Fellows, Honorary Fellows and Licentiates of the College of Physicians. Thus most ordinary people, and particularly the poor, had very limited, if any, access to a physician, instead they relied on the apothecary or their own household recipes.
He was part of the group determined to break away from the Grocers. 13 Part of their petition read: Very many Empiricks and unskilful and ignorant men do abide in the City of London … which are not well instructed in the Art or Mystery of Apothecaries, but do make and compound many unwholesome, hurtful, dangerous and corrupt medicines and the same do sell … to the great peril and daily hazard of the King’s subjects. Sir Francis Bacon as the Chief Law Officer was consulted and supported the petition, which was then granted by the king.