The Changing Middle East: A New Look at Regional Dynamics by Bahgat Korany

By Bahgat Korany

Within the period of globalization, switch is the order of the day, however the traditional view of the Arab center East is that of a inflexible or even stagnant area. This ebook counters the static conception and focuses as a substitute on local dynamics. The foreign crew of members review the improvement of Arab civil society; study the possibilities and demanding situations dealing with the Arab media; hyperlink the debates touching on Arab political proposal to the evolving neighborhood and foreign context; examine the transformation of armed Islamist routine into deradicalized factions; examine how and to what quantity women's empowerment is breaking down patriarchy; and learn the increase of non-state actors comparable to Hizbollah and Hamas that rival principal political authority.

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From Arab Balance of Weakness to Cognitive Disarray, 1990–2009 While the region’s main conflict (Arab–Israeli) was changing military components and structure, another conflict cluster was brewing in the Gulf area, specifically around Iraq. As early as 1980, Saddam’s Iraq, perceiving revolutionary and disrupted Iran as easy prey, invaded its neighbor, thereby launching the longest war since the Second World War, the eight-year First Gulf War. Although the direct protagonists were Iraq and revolutionary Islamic Iran, most Arab countries, including all the Gulf countries, supported Iraq politically, economically, and militarily.

El-Beblawi 1982, 210–11) Looking at the Middle East Differently: An Alternative Conceptual Lens 31 Pan-Arabism retreated in the face of raison d’état, which was indiscriminately mixed with raison de famille. Two outcomes resulted from this situation. First, the leadership was characterized by a limited time horizon and an extremely personalized perception of national and international events. Second, inter-Arab relations were fraught with a long history of interfamily feuds. In short, family frictions imposed extreme limitations on political coordination.

By the late 1980s the suspension of Egypt’s membership in the Arab League was coming to an end and the League returned from Tunis to its headquarters in Cairo. However, the pattern of Arab polarization did not cease; it simply changed protagonists. From Arab Balance of Weakness to Cognitive Disarray, 1990–2009 While the region’s main conflict (Arab–Israeli) was changing military components and structure, another conflict cluster was brewing in the Gulf area, specifically around Iraq. As early as 1980, Saddam’s Iraq, perceiving revolutionary and disrupted Iran as easy prey, invaded its neighbor, thereby launching the longest war since the Second World War, the eight-year First Gulf War.

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