The Codification of Medical Morality: Historical and by Robert Baker, R.B. Baker

By Robert Baker, R.B. Baker

Like many novel principles, the belief for this quantity and its predecessor arose over lunch within the cafeteria of the previous Wellcome Institute. On an atternoon in Sept- ber 1988, Dorothy and Roy Porter, and that i, sketched out a plan for a collection of conf- ences within which students from quite a few disciplines may discover the emergence of contemporary scientific ethics within the English-speaking global: from its pre-history within the quarrels that arose as gentlemanly codes of etiquette and honor broke down lower than the strain of the eighteenth-century "sick trade," to the Enlightenment ethics of John Gregory and Thomas Percival, to the yankee appropriation procedure that culminated within the American scientific Association's 1847 Code of Ethics, and to the British flip to clinical jurisprudence within the 1858 scientific Act. Roy Porter officially provided our notion as a plan for 2 back-to-back c- ferences to the Wellcome belief, and that i provided it to the editors of the PHI- LOSOPHY and medication sequence, H. Tristram Engeihardt, Jr. and Stuart Spicker. The reception from either events was once enthusiastic and so, with the monetary backing of the previous and a dedication to book from the latter, Roy Porter, ably assisted by means of Frieda Hauser and Steven Emberton, - ganized meetings. the 1st was once held on the Wellcome Institute in - cember 1989; the second one used to be subsidized through the Wellcome, yet was once really held within the nationwide health center, in December 1990.

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Extra resources for The Codification of Medical Morality: Historical and Philosophical Studies of the Formalization of Western Medical Morality in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth ... Jurisprudence in the Nineteenth Century

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When the Medical S o c i e t y . . of New York developed its first code in 1823, the drafting committee was instructed to give special attention to consultations" ([19], p. 83). The nineteenth-century codes were thus mini-social contracts intentionally designed to resolve a cooperative dilemma. This explains why Percival's text provided such ideal source-material for theAmerican codifiers; for, despite all the differences about the problems facing nineteenth- century American physicians and those Percival was dealing with at the Manchester Infirmary during the 1790s - which John Hailer quite correctly remarks- fundamentally, they faced exactly the same problem, a cooperative paradox.

Or the use o f barristers, solicitors. magistrates, coroners, and medical practitioners, Renshaw and Rush, London. 38. : 1982, The Social Transformation of American Medicine, Basic Books, New York. 39. : 1844, ,4 Manual o f Medical Jurisprudence, John Churchill, London. 40. : 1995, "Diverging Traditions: Professional and Religious Medical Ethics of the Nineteenth Century," this volume, pp. 121-134. 41. : 1975, "The Development of Medical E t h i c s - A Sociological Analysis", Medical History 19, 36-5 I.

It frequently happens, that a physician, in incidental communications with the patients of others, or with their friends, may have their cases stated to him in so direct a manner, as not to admit of his declining to pay attention to them. Under such circumstances, his observations should be delivered with the most delicate propriety and reserve. He should not interfere in the curative plans pursued; and should even recommend a steady adherence to them, if they appear to merit approbation. DIFFERENCES OF PHYSICIANS The differences of physicians, when they end in appeals to the publick, generally hurt the contending parties; but, what is of more consequence, they discredit the profession, and expose the faculty itself to contempt and ridicule.

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