The Colour Revolutions in the Former Soviet Republics: by Donnacha Ó Beacháin, Abel Polese

By Donnacha Ó Beacháin, Abel Polese

Donnacha Ó Beacháin, Abel Polese (eds.)

During the 1st decade of the twenty first century, a extraordinary phenomenon swept in the course of the former Soviet Union altering the political, social and cultural panorama. Popularly often called the ‘Colour Revolutions’, those non-violent protests overthrew autocratic regimes in 3 post-soviet republics: the Georgian Rose Revolution (2003), the Ukrainian Orange Revolution (2004) and the Kyrgyzstani Tulip Revolution (2005). This publication examines the importance of those regime-change methods for the post-soviet global specifically and for worldwide politics within the twenty first century.

Engaging comprehensively with the previous Soviet republics, the individuals to this ebook ask why there wasn’t a revolution in a post-Soviet republic equivalent to Russia, regardless of it appears beneficial stipulations. additionally they discover the conditions that ensured a few post-soviet international locations underwent a profitable color revolution while others didn't. deciding upon the stipulations for profitable color revolutions, this ebook asks even if there's a progressive blueprint that could be exported to different components worldwide which are below autocratic rule. rigorously contemplating the ideologies of the post-Soviet ruling regimes, this publication demonstrates the style wherein political elites built-in nationalism, authoritarianism and populism into public debates. It analyzes the various anti-regime routine, discussing the standards that resulted in the increase of such factions and outlining how those competition teams have been constituted and operated. moreover, it assesses the influence of exterior forces together with the impression of america, the ecu and Russia. by way of interpreting the color revolution phenomenon in its entirety, this publication marks an important contribution to either our micro and macro realizing of this tide of transformation.

Contents:

Introduction: whats in a color? – Donnacha Ó Beacháin and Abel Polese, half I - The spreading of color revolutions: achievements and bounds, Georgia - Francoise Companjen, Ukraine - Nathaniel Copsey, Kyrgyzstan – David Lewis, Moldova – Ryan Patrick Kennedy, Armenia - Mikayel Zolyan, Azerbaijan - Vicken Cheterian, half II – Antidotes for the colored virus: the regimes strike again, Belarus – Ustina Marcus, Russia – Thomas Ambrosio, Uzbekistan – Matteo Fumagalli and Simon Tordjman, Tajikistan – Robert Kevlihan and Amri Sherzamonov, Kazakhstan – Rico Isaacs, Turkmenistan - Donnacha Ó Beacháin, end - Donnacha Ó Beacháin and Abel Polese.

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Extra resources for The Colour Revolutions in the Former Soviet Republics: Successes and Failures (Routledge Contemporary Russia and Eastern Europe Series)

Sample text

Was it too liberal or too weak? The Shevardnadze Regime and its Opposition Eduard Shevardnadze, in power from March 1992 to November 2003, was hated in Russia for having helped dissolve the Soviet Union, and was considered a hero in the West for the same reason. He initially had public support for bringing back order and stability to Georgia after the civil war. Even though he was not liked by the nationalist Gamsakhurdia fans, and was deemed to have ‘sold Georgia out Georgia 17 to Russia during the civil war’, it could not be denied that economic growth did occur under his regime between 1994 and 1999 and that he had taken measures to embed Georgia in international institutions such as the UN, the IMF, the Council of Europe, and in due course exploratory talks about NATO membership were held.

Krivokapic, M. (2005) ‘Les faiseurs des révolutions, entretien avec Aleksandar Maric, conduit par Milos Krivokapic’, Politique Internationale, 106, Winter. id = 20 (accessed 20 October 2007). Linz, J. and Stepan, A. (1996) Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press. Ó Beacháin D. and Polese, A. (2008) ‘From Roses to Bullets: the Spreading of the Colour Revolutions to the Post-Soviet World and its Rapid Decline’, in Backes, U. Jaskulowski, T. Polese, A.

For example, Georgian civil society members had to work hard to convince some Council of Europe officials that the Revival and Industrialist parties could not be considered opposition parties. Ambassador Miles not only did not ‘mastermind’ the revolution; on occasion his actions and statements were quite destructive. Favouring protracted negotiations, he strongly discouraged decisive action by the opposition and considered Mikheil Saakashvili dangerously radical. In short, even in the critical preliminary report by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Western leaders showed little desire to support decisive action.

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