The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Crusades by Paul L. Williams, Ph.D.

By Paul L. Williams, Ph.D.

-- the whole Idiot's consultant "RM" to the Crusades will current, possibly for the first actual time in publication shape, a full of life and finished evaluate of this colourful interval in heritage from a professional during this field.-- instead of battle through countless numbers upon hu

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Satan has millions of cohorts, incubi and succubae, who hover around every soul, attempting to lure it to perdition. These demons are very troublesome. They twist spoken words; they distort thoughts; they pollute prayer. They love to have sex with lonely or holy women when they fall asleep. They intrude audibly into conversations, cut holes in people’s garments, and cast dirt at passersby. According to popular account, one day a demon became tired of tempting souls and sat on a head of lettuce, only to be inadvertently eaten by a nun.

They form a long line and charge into battle at full gallop. The priests, bishops, abbots, and monks follow them, with the serfs in the rear. Chivalry demands that combat be personal and bodily. Missiles such as the arrow and the spear that permit combat at a distance are held in scorn and derision. ” 22 Chapter 2 ➤ The Dawn of the Renaissance Sure, the crusader image has been cleaned up in recent years. Crusaders uphold noblesse oblige—a pledge of martial valor and feudal fidelity, of unquestioning service to all knights, all women, the weak, and the poor.

Arrows! The lords and knights are mortified. Bows and arrows are the weapons of common people, of lowly serfs and cowardly peasants. To be killed by arrows is most humiliating. ” Sure, the knights try to do the same thing when engaging in combat, but they would never cut off the head of a mere captive who is bound and gagged and defenseless. Such an act is completely un-Christian. ” the pope asks. ” Urban is not speaking about the rape of a serf by a lord, but of a Christian woman by a circumcised Saracen.

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