The Fundamental Role of Science and Technology in by National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs,

By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Science and Technology in Foreign Assistance

In October 2003 the U.S. enterprise for foreign improvement (USAID) and the nationwide study Council (NRC) entered right into a cooperative contract. The contract referred to as for the NRC to ascertain chosen points of U.S. international suggestions activities—primarily the courses of the USAID—that have benefited or may gain advantage from entry to robust technology, know-how, and clinical services within the usa or somewhere else. After contemplating the numerous features of the position of technological know-how and know-how (S&T) in international information, the learn ended in the booklet of The basic position of technology and expertise in overseas Development. within the publication particular cognizance is dedicated to partnerships that contain the USAID including foreign, neighborhood, U.S. governmental, and personal zone corporations in fields similar to heath care, agriculture and meals, schooling and activity production, and effort and the surroundings. This ebook explores particular programmatic, organizational, and group of workers reforms that will elevate the potent use of S&T to fulfill the USAID's objectives whereas assisting higher U.S. overseas coverage objectives.

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USAID has extensive experience in twinning American institutions, primarily universities, with counterpart institutions in the poor THE CHANGING CONTEXT FOR FOREIGN ASSISTANCE 23 countries for periods as long as 20 years; and the importance of this networking in developing human capital deserves close examination to help guide efforts to emulate successful programs. In any event, the necessity to examine how S&T institutions can best respond to development requirements and capabilities country by country is clear.

However, USAID continues to emphasize support of specific projects with well-defined boundaries and objectives in order to ensure that the agency does not fuel corruption. • Foreign assistance activities are increasingly intertwined with counterterrorism efforts involving a number of national and international institutions active in foreign assistance activities, as exemplified by the situation in the Philippines described in Box 1-9. • Development agencies are giving greater attention to private sector development, which may lead to more emphasis on supporting engineering capacity and less attention to support of public sector research capacity.

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