The History of Honduras (The Greenwood Histories of the by Thomas M. Leonard

By Thomas M. Leonard

Honduras has suffered either political trauma and normal failures all through its historical past. In 1969, Honduras' political tensions with El Salvador in the course of a football sequence initial to the area Cup ended in the four-day-long "Football War." In 1998, storm Mitch triggered billions of greenbacks of wear to Honduras; ten years later, 1/2 the country's roadways have been ruined, usually past fix, via sizeable flooding. such a lot lately, many nations have frowned upon the Honduran government's shift of energy from the president to the top of Congress.The background of Honduras offers a entire historical past of the small Latin American kingdom, detailing Honduras's geography and present political structures with emphasis on its politics and cultural lifestyles. fresh coups and political controversy make Honduras a huge vital American country for state-of-the-art scholars to review and comprehend.

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Sponsored Alliance for Progress program in the 1960s, cotton production rapidly expanded, particularly in the Comayagua Valley and Chuloteca area. The initial euphoria over potential growth was doused in the 1970s, as global price for raw cotton plummeted. Thereafter, for the remainder of the twentieth century acreage used for production declined, but still two-thirds of the food production went to the international market. Sugar production traveled the same path. S. sugar import policies prompted this Caribbean lowlands industry to crash.

Either way, the church’s coffers continued to fill, causing consternation among the Spanish and criollo residents of the colony. Much of the wealth went for the construction of new churches, convents, monasteries, and charitable institutions. Despite Honduras being the poorest of the provinces in the Kingdom of Guatemala, these funds contributed to the construction of 145 religious buildings on the eve of Honduran independence in 1800. During the 152 years from the establishment of the Audiencia de Guatemala in 1548 until 1700, when the French Bourbons ascended to the Spanish throne, Honduras steadily declined 24 The History of Honduras in importance to the Spanish colonial economic system, built around the principles of mercantilism that dictated colonies existed solely for the benefit of the mother country.

It included all of Mexico north of Chiapas to the northern interior provinces: an undefined Central America, the Caribbean, and the Philippines. In reality, the Viceroy’s authority was limited to Mexico, in the three outlying regions, political power rested with local authorities. Rivalries among the spokesmen for authority in each of these places contributed significantly to the early political turmoil throughout Central America, particularly in Honduras and Nicaragua. Their personal rivalries coupled with geographic and transportation barriers slowed regional unification efforts in the sixteenth century.

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