The Iranian Revolution Then and Now: Indicators of Regime by Dariush Zahedi

By Dariush Zahedi

Within the Iranian Revolution Then and Now, Dariush Zahedi assesses the Islamic Republic's strength for revolution via an in-depth, theoretically expert, comparative research of the current with 1979 pre-Revolutionary Iran. Zahedi discusses how the opportunity of a innovative coup relies on issues: the inherent defects and vulnerabilities within the regime and the coordinated activities of the social teams and contributors against the regime. He additionally identifies “ideal-typical” kinds of innovative swap (the regime collapses by itself, or, the regime is overthrown). He concludes that the possibilities for overthrowing the current regime are reasonable.

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An Alternative Approach to Explicating and Projecting Revolutions The shortcomings inherent in Goldstone's model have been scrutinized so that they may be overcome, insofar as is possible, in the flexible framework that I will shortly strive to construct. To assess the potential for the revolutionary breakdown of Iran's theocratic regime, the task is to formulate a nontautological framework that is cognizant of both the variety and variability of revolutions. Combining both top-down and bottom-up approaches to analyzing revolutions, the framework should take into account the regime's structural vulnerabilities and defects as well as the potential for coordinated action by the aggrieved social groups opposed to it.

See also Dabashi (1993) and Moadel (1993). Both Dabashi and especially Moadel treat ideology as the most significant variable in explaining the Iranian revolution. 23. Among others, Foran (1993, 1994a-c), Farhi (1990), Keddie (1981), and Fischer (1980) also combine diverse theoretical approaches. 24. See also Bashiriyeh (1983) and Katouzian (1981). 3 The Social Underpinnings of Present-Day and Prerevolutionary Regimes: The Intelligentsia, the Clerics, and the Bazaaris This chapter, along with Chapter 4, will examine the causes and the probable extent of the cleavages between society and the state in prerevolutionary and present-day Iran.

According to Eisenstadt, neopatrimonial regimes can be distinguished from patrimonial ones by the fact that they do not derive their legitimacy from tradition. Similarly, Juan Lira (1975), echoing Max Weber, uses the term "Sultanism" in order to refer to systems in which both the military and the bureaucracy serve merely as the personal tools of the autocrat. See also Snyder (1992). 16. Also see Dunn (1972), pp. 241-243. 17. See also Linchbach (1989). Linchbach conducts an extensive analysis of such studies and finds them to be inconclusive.

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