By Erella Hovers
This booklet offers the 1st accomplished description of the lithic assemblages from Qafzeh Cave, certainly one of in simple terms heart Paleolithic websites within the Levant that has yielded a number of burials of early anatomically smooth Homo sapiens (AMHs). The checklist from this sector increases the query of attainable long term temporal overlap among early AMHs and Neanderthals. therefore, Qafzeh has lengthy been one of many pivotal websites in debates at the origins of AMHs and in makes an attempt to match and distinction the 2 species' diversifications and behaviour. even though the hominin fossils from the positioning have been released years in the past, formerly the linked archaeological assemblages have been incompletely defined, usually resulting in conflicting interpretations. This monograph features a thorough technological research of the lithic assemblages, integrated of their geological and sedimentological contexts. This description serves as a springboard for nearby comparisons in addition to a extra normal dialogue approximately heart Paleolithic habit, that's proper to special and as but unresolved questions about the origins of "modern" habit styles. the quantity features a wide-ranging and up to date bibliography that gives the middle-range for discussing the ecological context and behavioral complexity of the center Paleolithic interval, and ends with a few thought-provoking conclusions in regards to the dynamic human interactions that existed within the quarter in this time.
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Extra info for The Lithic Assemblages of Qafzeh Cave
Scarcity of raw material, leading to the risk of failing to supply the technology needed for optimal resource harvesting, is seemingly a function of the distance between the place of raw material procurement and its place of use. Because the distributions of raw material and subsistence resources normally do not overlap, some curation of the former is expected to occur. Bamforth (1986) modeled two curational behaviors—recycling (“remaking of an implement into a different kind of tool”; Odell 1996:59) and maintenance (a behavior designed to extend the use life of an artifact; Shott 1989a).
The predictions are then compared against the data from the flaked items. In a similar manner, it is possible to compare the characteristics of retouched and unretouched artifacts in order to identify and understand selection patterns. However, these are not perceived, or treated, as rigid, formal behavioral categories (in the sense of Tostevin 2000, 2003); hence the flexibility and variability of knapping procedures are not masked by preconceptions about the behavioral significance of the technological procedure.
This will respond to the need to minimize transportation costs. But the further away a consumer site from the source of raw material, the greater the need to curate the nodules or blanks, to compensate for unavailability of raw material and to delay future costly trips to the source. This requires that blanks be larger so that they can be retouched and maintain serviceable dimensions. Thus, the second hypothesis derived from Munday’s raw material model predicts that longer blanks will be preferred for retouch, regardless of a site’s proximity to raw material sources (Munday 1976b:134–138; Crew 1976; Marks 1988).