The Metaphysics of Gottlob Frege: An Essay in Ontological by E.H.W Kluge

By E.H.W Kluge

Die Sprachen sind nicht nach dem logischen Lineal gemacht. (Briefwechsel, p. 102) If good fortune in fixing difficulties is the hallmark of philosophical nice ness, then Frege used to be no longer an outstanding thinker. yet by way of that very same token, only a few if the other determine within the background of philosophy will qualify. nevertheless, if the hallmark of philosophical nice ness is the outlet up of recent conceptual territory and the elevating of hitherto unsuspected the most important questions, the moving of philosophical perspectiv and the selection of next traces of enquiry, then Frege needs to rank one of the maximum philosophers of all occasions. He used to be the 1st to boost a very formalized language and a logical procedure sufficiently strong to generate mathematics; he unfolded the fields of philosophy of common sense and mathematics; his theses on experience reference and definition have been seminal to nearly all subse quent paintings performed within the philosophy oflanguage; and his ontological speculations constituted the basis of 1 of the main profound metaphysics ever built: that of Ludwig Wittgenstein within the Tractatus.

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P. 159 f. C. C{. "The Thought" N. pp. , et pass. N. p. 159. N. pp. 2, 262, 183 f, 139, 134. Ibid. pp. 4, 161 et pass. N. p. 160. Ct. Ang. pp. 343 ff, et pass. N. p. 5. N. pp. 160-161 Ibid. p. 13. C{. , p. 13. On the objective nature of thoughts, see Ang. pp. 353-362 passim. Lac. cit. " For more on this see Chapter V below. BW. pp. 96 f. Beg. p. , GGA, p. X, etc. C{. , p. 144, et pass. GGA pp. , N. pp. 128, 133, 168, 259 ff. , p. : Ang. p. 135. See also Eike-Henner W. Kluge, "Frege et les termes ...

BW. pp. , pp. ; Kluge, pp. XXVIXXIX. 117. GGA II §57. 118. Ang. pp. 235-7; N. pp. 168, 212. 119. Ang. pp. 287-8, (Kluge, pp. 58) 120. Ang. pp. 167-8. 121. Aug. p. 288 (Kluge, p. 59) 122. C. 123. GGA I p. 45; Ang. pp. 167 f. 124. Ct. ; Ang. pp. , 289 f. (Kluge, pp. 61-9); N. pp. , 262, etc. 125. GGA I pp. 45 f. 126. See note 124. 127. Ct. Ang. p. 148; N. p. 288, etc. 128. Sentences, being a particular kind of nominative expression (Ct. BW. p. 127) would be included in this. 129. GGA I, p. 45. 130.

Perhaps the most important of these is one that centers around the question of when two expressions are identical or count as the same in the language. Clearly, this question cannot be meant simply with respect to the ideography involved because on that score the solution is patent: Since for Frege it was the type and not the token that constituted an expression,143 identity of type-hood a matter easily resolved by means of inspection - would be sufficient to establish the identity of expressions in this sense ofthe term 'identity'.

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