The Prose Poem and the Journal Shi'r: A Comparative Study of by Otared Haider

By Otared Haider

The magazine Shi'r (1957-70) was once a certified avant-garde per thirty days magazine based in Beirut by way of Yusuf al-Khal with a gaggle of younger poets and used to be devoted to poetry and poetic reports. The magazine supported poetic experimentation and have become a centre of varied sorts of cultural perform. during time, the actions of the crowd that have been associated with the magazine have been consolidated in what used to be known as 'the Shi'r movement'. This ebook examines the continued debates approximately Shi'r which persisted after its closure in 1970, and the starting to be tendency between Arab critics, intellectuals and ideologists to affiliate literary pursuits that pursued innovation and alter, with the stream of modernity within the Arab international. lots of the writers who examine and review the practices and contributions of Shi'r outline the prose poem as significant to Shi'r's aspiration for cultural switch, but Arab critics who discover the works of the Shi'r crew are inclined to deal with the paintings of every author as anyone accomplishment. accordingly, the magazine used to be visible only as a gathering venue and a medium for undertaking person experiments and pursuing own careers. the crowd was once additionally perceived as an insular accumulating ruled through a aggressive spirit, and through sectarian and political connections. Basing its research at the significant writings approximately Shi'r and the prose poem in Arabic and English, the publication seeks to illustrate that those traditional tools of viewing the Shi'r undertaking nonetheless breed misconceptions in regards to the staff and their writings and nonetheless have an effect on adversely the experiences of the Arabic prose poem. Taking as its foundation fresh groundbreaking writings on smooth cultural and literary reports more often than not, and on stories of the prose poem particularly, the booklet will try and look for a brand new viewpoint to redefine where of Shi'r and the prose poem in the battleground of Arabic smooth poetry. in regards to the writer Dr Otared Haidar is a lecturer in Arabic experiences on the Oriental Institute of the collage of Oxford.

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180 ‘Prose-poem’ is a term used by some critics as a singular form for ‘poetry in prose’. 181 Experimentations in prose poetry increased and intensified in the first half of the twentieth century indicating that a new form was emerging. The texts that were produced were categorized under several names. However, the one that was to be widely authorized was al-shi‘r al-manthßr, poetry in prose. Poetry in prose is sometimes claimed as a poetic genre in its own right. Jayyusi’s book describes it as ‘a poetic genre’ that is without metre and often rhymeless.

91 British and American prose poets are, at their best, considered ‘followers’ and ‘imitators’92 of their French counterparts. Thus, when writing the history of the prose poem in English, critics mention the year 1890 as a landmark. 93 It is obvious that these Anglophone literary critics have the same problems with the prose poem as their Arab counterparts, and that both teams looked upon their national prose poem as a French export. In this respect, the prose poem in English provides one of the convenient comparative approaches for studying the Arabic prose poem.

Besides playing down Eliot as a prose poet, Smith, just like other writers except Murphy seems to be indifferent to the other three, at least, prose poems written by Eliot. Eliot’s abandonment of the genre might have had a devastating influence on it, similar to that caused by the termination of Wilde’s experiment. 114 However, apart from these scattered short sentences about them in these major sources about the prose poem, the prose poem of the Imagists is totally ignored. Perhaps, because their major contribution is thought of as the invention of free verse, this tends to make critics deal with their prose poems as minor achievements.

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