The Prospects for Liberal Nationalism in Post-Leninist by Cheng Chen

By Cheng Chen

The autumn of communism within the Soviet Union led many to wish and anticipate that liberal democracy may instantly take root throughout postcommunist states, marking what Francis Fukuyama famously often called the 'end of history.' on the grounds that then, even if, a really diverse photo has emerged, so much particularly within the kind of nationalist sentiments that experience suggested many postcommunist nations in an intolerant course, even in regimes dedicated to industry reforms and officially democratic associations. Cheng Chen examines this phenomenon in comparative point of view, exhibiting that the several pathways of nation-building less than Leninism affected the nature of Leninist regimes and, later, the differential clients for liberal democracy within the postcommunist period. In China and Russia, Chen exhibits, liberalism and nationalism have been more challenging to reconcile simply because Leninism used to be indigenous and had a extra major impression on nation-building. In Hungary and Romania, in contrast, Leninism was once a international import and had much less of an impact on conventional nationwide identification. As we witness the fight to set up democracy in areas comparable to Afghanistan and Iraq, a research that examines the salience of historic legacies turns out really well timed.

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62 Consequently, liberal nationalists have great difficulty understanding why national minorities are eager to form or maintain political units in which they are a majority and often tend to favor the status quo. 64 Liberal nationalists often treat the existence of nation-states as given while overlooking the fact that nation-building is, in many instances, a contingent and ongoing process. ’’65 Why should national60. : Georgetown University Press, 2000), 94. 61. The author thanks Rogers Smith for pointing this out.

Invisible: Macro-Social Processes and Contemporary Political Science,’’ in Mahoney and Rueschemeyer, Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences. 19. Tim Buthe, ‘‘Taking Temporality Seriously: Modeling History and the Use of Narratives as Evidence,’’ American Political Science Review 96, no. 3 (September 2002): 486. 20. William H. , ‘‘Three Temporalities: Toward an Eventful Sociology,’’ in Terence J. , The Historic Turn in the Human Science (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996), 258.

Harding, Leninism, 211. 88. V. I. Lenin, Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism: A Popular Outline (New York: International Publishers, 1939). 89. Meyer, Leninism, 251–52. liberalism, leninism, and the national question 39 the oppressed nation fights the oppressor, we are always, in every case, and more strongly than anyone else, in favor, for we are the staunchest and most consistent enemies of oppression.

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