By Edward J. Massaro, John M. Rogers
Usa Environmental defense business enterprise, learn Triangle Park, NC. offers insurance at the biochemistry, body structure, pharmacology, genetics, molecular biology, developmental biology, and getting older of the human skeleton. gains bone body structure and the way it's changed during the lifestyles cycle. For researchers and clinicians. DNLM: Bone and Bones--embryology.
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Digits have secondary fusions and occasional cartilaginous spurs, and lack joints (199,200). Severe short stature, brachycephaly, Targeted disruption. Mostly embryonic lethal. Others are perinatal lethal resulting from respiratory failure. Mice that prominent supraorbital arches, mild frontonasal hyperplasia, survived exhibit accelerated differentiation of chondrocytes micrognathia, short ribs, generalized in bone (201). osteopenia, fractures, thick skull base, bowing of long bones, especially lower limb, markedly expanded cup-shaped metaphyses, short, mildly broad diaphyses, short tubular bones, clinodactyly, short, clubbed fingers Severe midface hypoplasia, mandibular hypoplasia, short ribs, generalized sclerosis, advanced skeletal maturation, micromelia, marked metaphyseal flaring of long bones, die at birth or shortly after birth 26 Table 1 (Continued) Human gene a Receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2; ROR2, 9q22 (602337) Human diseases b Brachydactyly, type B1, autosomal dominant (113000) Robinow syndrome, autosomal recessive (268310) 26 Runt-related transcription factor 2; RUNX2, 6p21 (600211) Cleidocranial dysplasia, autosomal dominant (119600) Brief description of skeletal defects Animal models and citations Shum et al.