By Hans von Holst, Åke Nygren, Åke E. Andersson (auth.), Prof. Hans von Holst, Prof. Åke Nygren, Prof. Åke E. Andersson (eds.)
Rodney E. Slater Secretary of Transportation, U. S. division of Transportation recognize a lot of you've gotten traveled nice distances to be the following. I To me, that exhibits not just your commitment to the reason, yet demonstrates how vitally important transportation protection is changing into during the international. So i'm very grateful to the most organizers of this 3rd annual convention -- all of whom are from Sweden: Dr. Hans von Holst of the Royal Institute of expertise; Dr. Ake Nygren of the Karolinska Institute; Dr. Ake E. Andersson of the Institute for Futures reviews; and eventually, Dr. Arne Witt16v and Lars Anell from AB Volvo. And enable me provide a distinct welcome to our buddies from Africa. i'll be traveling a few African international locations in January. And whereas my major project is to advertise alternate and funding with the USA, we are going to be conversing approximately security, too. Airline protection, for instance, is a huge quandary, as Africa grows and flourishes and the call for for air shuttle expands. We mentioned it in the course of contemporary conferences of the overseas Civil Aviation association in Montreal numerous weeks in the past. And we are going to achieve this back in the course of my journey. plan to speak about how my division can assist the additionally, we many countries of Africa increase road defense. Africa is based seriously on street transportation. yet road fatalities are very excessive. And the commercial charges are very steep, specifically for Africa's fragile, rising v industry economies.
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Extra info for Transportation, Traffic Safety and Health — Prevention and Health: Third International Conference, Washington, U.S.A, 1997
Figure 2. Annual South African Roads Deaths, 1950-1994. e. it is often a signal offense. * Vehicular speed limits take on an added importance in countries where pedestrian traffic trauma is rife. * Different types of roads pose different risks and require different speed limits. To apply the national speed limit of 120 kmjh to tarred national main routes as well as to interconnecting dirt roads is not in the interest of road safety. 28 J W van der Spuy; Responsibility and Accountability of Government * Lower speed limits are generally not popular with commerce and industry as it increases transit times.
More to the point: in making people behave more safely in traffic. To find the answer to that question, let us have a look at some frequent causes of road accidents and casualties, and the role of lack of knowledge in those causes. Examples are speeding, drinking-and-driving and omitting to use seat belts (table 2). The percentages given are based on Dutch data, but seem to be quite 'international'. speeding drinking-and -driving not wearing seat belt : 30% : 30% : 8% Table 2. Approximate proportions of some causes of road casualties in the Netherlands (after Wildervanck, 1997) 52 Cees Wildervanck: Driving the Message Home LACK OF KNOWLEDGE Of course the exact proportion of lack of knowledge in the accident causes mentioned is difficult to establish as lack of knowledge, lack of skills and 'wrong' attitude will increase each other's effects.
15g/ 100mI. 02g/ 100ml for commercial and professional drivers. 24 J W van der Spuy: Responsibility and Accountability of Government Unfortunately alcohol law enforcement on the roads has serious shortcomings: * Routine roadblock monitoring is rare. * Post-collision screening of injured drivers in one urban area has indicated a 93% under-call for official blood samples in cases experimentally shown to have illegal BAC levels. *There are critical constraints in the judicial processes of serving subpoenas on offenders, bringing them to court and prosecuting them successfully.