By Paul Collier, Nicholas Sambanis
The 2 volumes of 'Understanding Civil struggle' construct upon the area Bank's previous study on clash and violence, fairly at the paintings of Paul Collier and Anke Hoeffler, whose version of civil conflict onset has sparked a lot dialogue at the dating among clash and improvement in what got here to be referred to as the 'greed' as opposed to 'grievance' debate. The authors systematically follow the Collier-Hoeffler version to fifteen international locations in 6 various areas of the area, utilizing a comparative case examine technique to revise and extend upon monetary versions of civil warfare. The e-book concludes that the 'greed' as opposed to 'grievance' debate may be deserted for a extra complicated version that considers greed and complaint as inextricably fused explanations for civil warfare.
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Extra resources for Understanding Civil War: Evidence and Analysis, Vol. 2--Europe, Central Asia, and Other Regions
39. Omitted variable bias occurs when a variable is omitted that is correlated with the dependent variable and one or more of the included explanatory variables (King et al. 1994, 169). Endogeneity, in its purest form, refers to simultaneous causation between Y and one or more of the X’s. Selection bias refers to the problem of observing an outcome only as a function of an unobserved variable, though there can also be selection on observables. 40. See Elbadawi and Sambanis (2002) and Sambanis (2002) for a discussion of endogeneity and selection problems in the quantitative literature on civil war.
The proportion of a country’s terrain that is mountainous was measured by Gerrard (2000), a physical geographer who specializes in mountainous terrain. His measure is based not just on altitude but takes into account plateaus and rugged uplands. 15. We constructed a dispersion index of the population on a country-by-country basis. A value of 0 indicates that the population is evenly distributed across the country and a value of 1 indicates that the total population is concentrated in one area. Data are available for 1990 and 1995.
Other interesting interactive effects are also explored, as between economic growth and democracy, and ethnic heterogeneity and political institutions. From Statistics to Cases and Back to Statistics In sum, the case study project has several uses. It helps us establish the internal validity of the logic that underlies the CH model of civil war onset; it identifies problems with data measurement and suggests solutions for it; it helps resolve the endogeneity and selection problems in the statistical analysis of civil war occurrence through detailed historical narratives and a chronological sequence of events; it identifies and selects among causal mechanisms that explain the process of getting to civil war; and it identifies potentially omitted variables that might be usefully incorporated in a model of the causes of civil war.