Welfare and Party Politics in Latin America by Professor Jennifer Pribble

By Professor Jennifer Pribble

Platforms of social safety gives you the most important information to the poorest and such a lot weak teams in society, yet now not all platforms are created both. In Latin the US, social guidelines have traditionally exhibited huge gaps in assurance and excessive degrees of inequality in profit dimension. because the past due Nineteen Nineties, international locations during this zone have all started to grapple with those demanding situations, enacting a sequence of reforms to healthcare, social tips, and schooling coverage. whereas a few of these tasks have moved in a common course, others have maintained current segmentation or moved in a regressive course. Welfare and celebration Politics in Latin the US explores this alteration in Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, and Venezuela, discovering that the layout of earlier regulations, the depth of electoral pageant, and the nature of political events all impression the character of up to date social coverage reform in Latin the US.

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In this way, the study is an example of how qualitative methods can be effectively used for a particular type of hypothesis testing. The book, therefore, makes an important contribution to the growing literature about the logic of qualitative social science inquiry. Although qualitative analyses have many strengths, they are unable to adequately assess the external validity of a theory because of the difficulty of generalizing from such a small number of cases (Collier, Brady, and Seawright 2004).

A second way that policy legacies influence the reform process is by structuring the distribution of power within the policy sector – in other words, emboldening some groups while weakening others. Policy sectors are made up of many different interest groups, ranging from individuals and organizations that use services/transfers to those who provide the services/transfers. During the 1980s and early 1990s, international financial institutions (IFIs) and domestic technocrats pushed Latin American governments to privatize the delivery of social programs, which in turn generated important policy legacies.

The authors also identify the existence of a third party type: the cartel party. Some of these authors identify more than three types of linkage mechanism, but the three that are common to all of the typologies are: programmatic, clientelistic, and interest incorporation. For a thorough discussion of this literature, see Morgan (2011). This distinction is also made by Hawkins (2010a), Roberts (2002a), and Kitschelt (2000). 1. Party Types Strong ties Weak ties Programmatic Linkage Non-programmatic Linkage Constituency-coordinating Electoral-professional Charismatic-movement Non-programmatic-electoral Charismatic-electoral Incorporation-electoral Clientelist-electoral (Luna 2006; Levitsky 2003).

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